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English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
  *苦* | 苦* | *苦
bitter / hardship / pain / to suffer / to bring suffering to / painstakingly
bitter and astringent / pained / agonized
bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good times just beginning
vexed / distressed
strenuously / persistently / hard / painful
bitter work / hard toil / (loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial times
to suffer unspeakable misery / indescribably painful / hellish
bitter cold
to train hard / to practice diligently / hard work / blood, sweat, and tears
lit. sea of bitterness / abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term) / depths of misery
bitter struggle / hard battle / arduous effort
to suffer from (a disadvantage)
secret trouble / sorrow / difficulties
depressed / dejected / feeling low
to entreat piteously / to implore
the trick of injuring oneself to gain the enemy's confidence / CL: 條|条
to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
to force a smile / a bitter laugh
toil / hard work
to work hard
earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
to think hard / bitter thoughts / to pour out one's sufferings
great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cucumber)
lit. bitter taste (cf good medicine tastes bitter 良藥苦口|良药苦口) / fig. earnestly (of warning, advice)
liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates) / suffering / digestive fluids rising from stomach to the mouth / fig. bitter complaint
wormwood / Artemisia absinthium
suffering / distress
gall bladder
hard lot / bitter fate / unfortunate
lit. bitter fruit / fig. painful consequence
to find joy in sorrows (idiom); to enjoy sth in spite of one's suffering
hard times
to make painstaking efforts (idiom); after much trouble / to work hard at sth
hard work / laborious effort / painstaking work
forced labor / corvée / penal servitude
bitter taste / bitterness
painstaking effort / to take a lot of trouble / laborious at pains
sour expression on one's face
absinthe (distilled anise-based liquor)
to endure (years of suffering)
pain / suffering
bitter bamboo (Pleioblastus amarus)
torture / corporal punishment (traditionally involving mutilation or amputation)
hard labor (in penal code) / coolie
bitter work / sweated labor
treat harshly
victim's family (esp. in murder case)
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
underlying cause of poverty
ascetic practice
to admonish strenuously
wretched feelings (opposite: 樂趣|乐趣, delight)
see 苦差
the Four Noble Truths (Budd.), namely: all life is suffering , the cause of suffering is desire , emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅|灭, the way to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道 / also called 四諦|四谛
The sea of bitterness has no bounds, turn your head to see the shore (idiom). Only Buddhist enlightenment can allow one to shed off the abyss of worldly suffering. / Repent and ye shall be saved!
hard job / arduous task
Bitter Cauliflower, 1954 socialist realist novel by Feng Deying 馮德英|冯德英 loosely based on Maxim Gorky's Mother, made into a 1967 film by Li Ang
deep grief / extensive sorrow
wretched state / miserable plight
bitter sweet
grievance / dire straits
(slang) prison
hard task / difficult mission / arduous and unrewarding undertaking / drudgery / grind / chore
erhua variant of 苦活
Ixeris denticulata
suffering / misery / pain (esp. psychological)
wretched situation / plight / wretched / miserable
penance (to atone for a sin)
sea of bitterness is vast (idiom)
slightly bitter
erhua variant of 苦不唧
to have difficulty getting by / to struggle (financially etc)
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
cutleaf ground-cherry / Physalis angulata
coup d'état (loanword)

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