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Simplified
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
exhausting / hard / tough / arduous / to work hard / to go to a lot of trouble / hardship(s)
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *苦* | 苦* | *苦
bitter / hardship / pain / to suffer / to bring suffering to / painstakingly
HSK 4
pain / suffering / painful / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
difficult / hard / arduous
HSK 5
hardworking / assiduous
HSK 5
bitter and astringent / pained / agonized
HSK 6
bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good times just beginning
HSK 6
suffering
vexed / distressed
hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
strenuously / persistently / hard / painful
to struggle arduously
painstakingly / with great trouble
bitter work / hard toil / (loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial times
deprivation / distressed / miserable
to study diligently
to bear hardships
to suffer unspeakable misery / indescribably painful / hellish
why bother? / is it worth the trouble?
pain and difficulties / suffering (of the people)
bitter cold
sour, sweet, bitter and spicy hot / fig. the joys and sorrows of life
to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work / to make an all-out effort / up to the neck in work
to train hard / to practice diligently / hard work / blood, sweat, and tears
lit. sea of bitterness / abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term) / depths of misery
bitter struggle / hard battle / arduous effort
to suffer hardship
poverty-stricken / poor
to toil / hard work
to speak sarcastically / to make cutting remarks
to suffer from (a disadvantage)
secret trouble / sorrow / difficulties
depressed / dejected / feeling low
to suffer untold hardships (idiom); trials and tribulations / with difficulty / after some effort
to study hard / assiduous
impoverished / destitute
sufferings
to suffer every possible torment (idiom); bitter hardship / to bear one's cross
to entreat piteously / to implore
the trick of injuring oneself to gain the enemy's confidence / CL: 條|条
destitute but honest / poor and simple / spartan / austere
to make nothing of hardships
to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
to ask for trouble (idiom) / to make a rod for one's own back
to take a lot of trouble (idiom); painstaking / at the cost of a lot of effort
to force a smile / a bitter laugh
to grumble / to complain / grievance
toil / hard work
forlorn / miserable
to work hard
earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
to have bitter digestive fluids rising to the mouth / fig. to complain bitterly / to pour out one's sufferings
to study hard / assiduous
solitary and impoverished (idiom)
shared delights and common hardships (idiom); to share life's joys and sorrows / for better or for worse
to think hard / bitter thoughts / to pour out one's sufferings
great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
having unspeakable bitter suffering / (often used after 啞巴吃黃連|哑巴吃黄连)
to spare no effort
to look anxious (idiom) / to look miserable
bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cucumber)
lit. bitter taste (cf good medicine tastes bitter 良藥苦口|良药苦口) / fig. earnestly (of warning, advice)
to abandon suffering and obtain happiness (Buddhism)
liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
to study diligently / to train assiduously
diligent / assiduous
bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates) / suffering / digestive fluids rising from stomach to the mouth / fig. bitter complaint
to whine about hardships / to complain of one's bitter lot / to complain / to grumble
to ponder earnestly / to give a lot of thought to sth
to pour out one's grievances
wormwood / Artemisia absinthium
suffering / distress
gall bladder
hard lot / bitter fate / unfortunate
anxiety / distress
pains (of illness) / sufferings (esp. in Buddhism)
lit. bitter fruit / fig. painful consequence
leading a plain, hardworking life (idiom)
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
good medicine tastes bitter (idiom); fig. frank criticism is hard to swallow
to suffer / to suffer for one's actions / to pay dearly / to burn one's fingers
to find joy in sorrows (idiom); to enjoy sth in spite of one's suffering
hard times
to complain without stopping (idiom); to bitch endlessly / incessant grievances
to make painstaking efforts (idiom); after much trouble / to work hard at sth
to make a hard living as unskilled laborer
hard work / laborious effort / painstaking work
to escape from the abyss of suffering / to shed off a wretched plight
forced labor / corvée / penal servitude
to be born under an ill star
endive
one cannot achieve glory and wealth without having been through trials and tribulations (proverb) / no pain, no gain
good times and hardships / joys and tribulations / for better or for worse
to bring trouble on oneself
bitter taste / bitterness
painstaking effort / to take a lot of trouble / laborious at pains
lit. bleak wind and icy rain (idiom) / fig. hardships / miserable circumstances
sour expression on one's face
absinthe (distilled anise-based liquor)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
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