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Traditional
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Simplified
HSK
history / CL: 門|门,
HSK 3
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *史* | 史* | *史
surname Shi
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *史* | 史* | *史
history / annals / title of an official historian in ancient China
literature and history
a brief history
romance (loanword) / love affair
history of philosophy
history of literature
History of the Ming Dynasty, twenty fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Zhang Tingyu 張廷玉|张廷玉 in 1739 during the Qing Dynasty, 332 scrolls
history of the Party
national history / dynastic history
History of the Song Dynasty, twentieth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed under Toktoghan 脫脫|脱脱 in 1345 during the Yuan Dynasty , 496 scrolls / (not to be confused with 宋書|宋书)
History of the Northern Dynasties, fifteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled by Li Yanshou 李延壽|李延寿 in 659 during Tang Dynasty, 100 scrolls
The Scholars, Qing dynasty novel by Wu Jingzi 吳敬梓|吴敬梓, an extended satire on the Imperial Examination system
(fig.) history full of suffering / heart-rending story / CL:
revision history (of a document, web page etc)
imperial censor (formal title of a dynastic official)
intellectual history
history of science
provincial governor (old)
annal / historical record / CL: 筆|笔
History of the Southern Dynasties, fourteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled by Li Yanshou 李延壽|李延寿 in 659 during Tang Dynasty, 80 scrolls
ancient history
political history
natural history (i.e. botany and zoology)
to look back at history
history written in blood / epic period of struggle and sacrifice
modern history (for China, from the Opium Wars until the fall of the Qing Dynasty, i.e. mid-19th to early 20th century)
History of the Yuan Dynasty, twenty third of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Song Lian 宋濂 in 1370 during the Ming Dynasty, 210 scrolls
lit. reputation will go down in history (idiom); fig. achievements will earn eternal glory
narrative history / comprehensive history / a history covering an extended period
the 24 or 25 official dynastic histories / true history, as opposed to fictional adaptation or popular legends
contemporary history
cultural history
History of the Jurchen Jin Dynasty, twenty second of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed under Toktoghan 脫脫|脱脱 in 1345 during the Yuan Dynasty , 135 scrolls
History of the Five Dynasties, eighteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Xue Juzheng 薛居正 in 974 during Northern Song 北宋, 150 scrolls
"A Brief History of Time" by Stephen Hawking
history of art
unofficial history / history as popular legends
modern history
historical tales
History of Kingdom Lu / refers to the Spring and Autumn Annals 春秋
Later History of the Five Dynasties (between Tang and Song), nineteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修|欧阳修 in 1053 during Northern Song Dynasty, 74 scrolls
History of the Liao Dynasty, twenty first of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed under Toktoghan 脫脫|脱脱 in 1345 during the Yuan Dynasty , 116 scrolls
Short History of Civilization, late Qing novel by Li Boyuan 李伯元 or Li Baojia 李寶嘉|李宝嘉 describing the turmoil after the 1900 Eight-Nation Alliance 八國聯軍|八国联军
ancient history
twenty four dynastic histories (or 25 or 26 in modern editions) / same as 二十四史
History of the Five Dynasties (between Tang and Song), eighteenth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Xue Juzheng 薛居正 in 974 during Northern Song 北宋, 150 scrolls
earth history / geological history
factory history
modern history and contemporary history
twenty four dynastic histories (or 25 or 26 in modern editions)
superintendent of education (formal title)
medical history
annals / chronicle
the Twenty-Four Histories (25 or 26 in modern editions), collection of books on Chinese dynastic history from 3000 BC till 17th century / fig. a long and complicated story
New History of the Yuan Dynasty, completed by Ke Shaomin 柯劭忞 in 1920, sometimes listed as one of the 24 Dynastic Histories 二十四史
General History of the Qing dynasty, compiled under Xiao Yishan 蕭一山|萧一山


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