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Simplified
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
modern times / modern age / modern era
HSK 5
age / era / epoch / period (in one's life) / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
ancient times / olden times
HSK 5
a decade of a century (e.g. the Sixties) / age / era / period / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
the not-very-distant past / modern times, excluding recent decades / (in the context of Chinese history) the period from the Opium Wars until the May 4th Movement (mid-19th century to 1919) / capitalist times (pre-1949)
HSK 5
successive generations / successive dynasties / past dynasties
HSK 6
the present age / the contemporary era
HSK 6
descendant / progeny / posterity / later ages / later generations
HSK 6
for many generations / generation / era / age
HSK 6
dynasty / reign (of a king)
HSK 6
to hand over / to explain / to make clear / to brief (sb) / to account for / to justify oneself / to confess / (coll.) to finish
HSK 6
Hyundai, South Korean company
Time, US weekly news magazine
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  *代* | 代* | *代
to substitute / to act on behalf of others / to replace / generation / dynasty / age / period / (historical) era / (geological) eon
new age
new generation
to replace / to supersede / to supplant / (chemistry) substitution
to substitute for / to replace / to supersede
iteration (math.) / repeated substitution
the next generation
secondary / twice in the year (of generations of insects, harvests etc)
information age
the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)
children of entrepreneurs who became wealthy under Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms in the 1980s / see also 窮二代|穷二代
the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
golden age
from generation to generation / generation after generation
to transition to a new dynasty or regime / to replace an older product with an upgraded, new-generation one
peerless / unmatched in his generation / incomparable (talent, beauty)
epoch-marking
Cenozoic (geological era covering the last 65m years)
new generation
Stone Age
former times / the olden days
reform and renewal / generational change
the Warring States period (475-221 BC) / Japanese Warring States period (15th-17th century)
contemporary
magnificent style unmatched in his generation (idiom); peerless talent
offspring / child's generation
feudal times
Bandai toy company
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
the seventies / the 1970s
Zhou dynasty (1046-221 BC)
parent's generation / previous generation
to be getting worse with each generation
Qin dynasty (221-207 BC), founded by the first emperor Qin Shihuang 秦始皇, the first dynasty to rule the whole of China
final generation
periodization (of history)
children of celebrities
Neolithic Era
the sixties / the 1960s
to refer to / to be used in place of
Dark Ages
Paleolithic Era
for many generations
sundae (loanword)
children of officials / word created by analogy with 富二代
Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC)
irreplaceable
to transition to a new dynasty or regime
the Renaissance
to carry on one's ancestral line
the Bronze Age / also written 青銅時代|青铜时代
those who did not benefit from the Chinese economic reforms of the 1980s / see also 富二代
ice age
Mesozoic (geological era 250-65m years ago, covering Triassic 三疊紀|三叠纪, Jurassic 侏羅紀|侏罗纪 and Cretaceous 白堊紀|白垩纪)
metonymy
(Tw) class representative / class president
to pass to the next generation
Heian period (794-1185), period of Japanese history
previous generation
throughout the ages
the Spring and Autumn (770-476 BC) and Warring States (475-221 BC) periods / Eastern Zhou (770-221 BC)
generation
Jin Dynasty (1115-1234), founded by the Jurchen 女真 people of North China, a precursor of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty
Mesolithic Era
Sui dynasty (581-617)
Nara period (710-794) in early Japanese history
Asuka Period in Japanese history (538-710 AD)
the era of Japanese occupation
Paleozoic, geological era 545-250m years ago, covering Cambrian 寒武紀|寒武纪, Ordovician 奧陶紀|奥陶纪, Silurian 志留紀|志留纪, Devonian 泥盆紀|泥盆纪, Carboniferous 石炭紀|石炭纪, Permian 二疊紀|二叠纪
unrivalled / without peer in this generation
three generations of a family / the three earliest dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou)
wealth never survives three generations (idiom)
Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), English author
the Six Dynasties period (222-589) between Han and Tang
Tang dynasty (618-907)
the Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
Proterozoic (geological era 2500-540m years ago)
the prehistoric Shang dynasty (c. 16th-11th century BC)
substitute for mother's milk / milk powder
the Ch'ing or Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
Song dynasty (960-1279)
Five Dynasties, period of history between the fall of the Tang dynasty (907) and the founding of the Song dynasty (960), when five would-be dynasties were established in quick succession in North China
reign (of a king, emperor etc)
Song of the Southern dynasties (420-479), with capital at Nanjing
substitution / replacing former general / change of leader
to be blessed with rare and radiant beauty (idiom)
Phanerozoic, geological eon lasting since the Cambrian 寒武紀|寒武纪, c. 540m year ago

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