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various sages / refers to the classical schools of thought, e.g. Confucianism represented by Confucius 孔子 and Mencius 孟子, Daoism by Laozi 老子 and Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子, Mohism by Mozi 墨子, Legalism by Sunzi 孫子|孙子 and Han Feizi 韓非子|韩非子, and numerous others
same as Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 (369-286 BC), Daoist author
Zhuangzi (369-286 BC), Daoist author
Daoist School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), based on the teachings of Laozi or Lao-tze 老子 (c. 500 BC-) and Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 (369-286 BC)
the mantis stalks the cicada, unaware of the oriole behind (idiom, from Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); to pursue a narrow gain while neglecting a greater danger
the mantis stalks the cicada, unaware of the oriole behind (idiom, from Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); to pursue a narrow gain while neglecting a greater danger
lit. fish sink, goose alights (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); fig. female beauty captivating even the birds and beasts
friendship between gentlemen, insipid as water (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
bizarre / paradoxical / a paradox (from Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
can be understood, but not described (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); mysterious and subtle
Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 dreams of a butterfly (or is it the butterfly dreaming of Zhuangzi?)
lit. to breathe out stale air and breathe in fresh (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); fig. to get rid of the old and bring in the new
nothing sadder than a withered heart (idiom attributed to Confucius by Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子) / no greater sorrow than a heart that never rejoices / the worst sorrow is not as bad as an uncaring heart / nothing is more wretched than apathy
lit. catch fish then forget the trap (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); fig. to take help for granted
steal a hook and they hang you, steal the whole country and they make you a prince (idiom, from Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
various sages and ten schools of thought / refers to the classical schools of thought, e.g. Confucianism represented by Confucius 孔子 and Mencius 孟子, Daoism by Laozi 老子 and Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子, Mohism by Mozi 墨子, Legalism by Sunzi 孫子|孙子 and Han Feizi 韓非子|韩非子, and numerous others
can be understood, but not described (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子); mysterious and subtle
ignorant / doubt stemming from ignorance / (a summer insect has no word for ice, Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
steal the whole country and they make you a prince, steal a hook and they hang you (idiom, from Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
old name of an unidentified river in Henan Province, mentioned by 莊子|庄子
a gentleman's friendship, insipid as water (idiom, from Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子)
lit. to drum on a bowl / refers to Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 grieving for his lost wife / fig. grief for a lost wife
drumming on a bowl in grief (idiom, refers to Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子 grieving for his lost wife) / fig. grief for a lost wife


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