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Traditional
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Simplified
HSK
winter vacation
HSK 4
to exchange conventional greetings / to exchange pleasantries
HSK 6
bitter cold / severe winter
HSK 6
charactercopypronouncebaikeexampleCorrect
  *寒* | 寒* | *寒
cold / poor / to tremble
wintry
a nip in the air / chilliness
to defend against the cold / to keep warm
cold air
poor and humble family / my family (humble)
bitterly disappointed / frightened
wind chill / cold weather / common cold (medicine)
poor / underprivileged / (of weather) crisp and clear
my humble home
to fear / to be terrified
cicada in winter / fig. mournful sound
lit. not cold, yet shivering (idiom) / fig. to tremble with fear / to be terrified
to enquire solicitously about sb's well-being (idiom) / to pamper
shiver
disillusioned / bitterly disappointed / terrified
wretched / poverty-stricken / unpresentable (for clothing, gifts etc)
to warm oneself / to expel the cold (TCM)
typhoid
to keep quiet out of fear (idiom)
cold (climate) / frigid / very cold
affected by cold / to catch cold
fine hair on the human body
Lesser Cold, 23rd of the 24 solar terms 二十四節氣|二十四节气 6th-19th January
winter clothing
it's lonely at the top (idiom)
cold food (i.e. to abstain from cooked food for 3 days around the Qingming festival 清明節|清明节) / the Qingming festival
high and cold (mountain area)
cold air current / cold ocean current / cold stream
bitter cold
polar climate
alone and poor / humble / (Cantonese) miserly
lower Cambrian (geological period approx 530 million years ago)
cold wave / CL:
lit. without the lips, the teeth feel the cold (idiom); fig. intimately interdependent
Han Han (1982-), PRC blogger, singer and professional rally driver
to dispel cold (TCM)
to glitter like frost and snow (idiom)
a life of strenuous studies (idiom)
(TCM) six unhealthy influences causing illness, namely: excessive wind 風|风, cold , heat , damp 濕|湿, dryness , fire
Great Cold, 24th of the 24 solar terms 二十四節氣|二十四节气 20th January-3rd February
of humble origin
chilly weather / (loanword from Japanese) agar-agar
Hanlu or Cold Dew, 17th of the 24 solar terms 二十四節氣|二十四节气 8th-22nd October
coldproof / resistant to cold
variant of 寒暄
(bird species of China) Eurasian jackdaw (Coloeus monedula)
three feet of ice does not form in a single day (idiom); Rome wasn't built in a day
to relieve cold
beset by hunger and cold (idiom) / starving and freezing / in desperate poverty
poor / poverty-stricken / impoverished
a shiver
desolate and cold / frozen wastes
(TCM) six excesses causing illness, namely: excessive wind 風|风, cold , heat , damp 濕|湿, dryness , fire
nine periods of nine days each after winter solstice, the coldest time of the year
Paleozoic, geological era 545-250m years ago, covering Cambrian 寒武紀|寒武纪, Ordovician 奧陶紀|奥陶纪, Silurian 志留紀|志留纪, Devonian 泥盆紀|泥盆纪, Carboniferous 石炭紀|石炭纪, Permian 二疊紀|二叠纪
to escape the cold by going on a winter holiday
paratyphoid fever
typhus
cold and desolate
lower Cambrian series (geological strata from approx 530 million years ago)
Hanting district of Weifang city 濰坊市|潍坊市, Shandong
one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp / sporadic effort / lack of sticking power / short attention span
Hanting district of Weifang city 濰坊市|潍坊市, Shandong
as quiet as a cicada in winter (idiom)
overcoat / down jacket / winter wear
one day's sun, ten days' frost (idiom, from Mencius); fig. to work for a bit then skimp / sporadic effort / short attention span
variant of 寒磣|寒碜
the Cambrian explosion
typhoid
salmonella typhimurium
Phanerozoic, geological eon lasting since the Cambrian 寒武紀|寒武纪, c. 540m year ago
the Cambrian explosion
murine typhus
hunger cries and cold roars (idiom); wretched poverty
the north frigid zone
to be scared out of one's wits
lit. broken tiles, cold hearth; fig. a broken-down house / poor and shabby dwelling
Cambrian geological period (541-485.4 million years ago)
murine typhus fever
to be of humble origin (idiom)
polite set phrase / salutation / pleasantries
(polite) my wife (old)
cold weather, frozen ground (idiom); bitterly cold
bone chilling wind (idiom)
the Cambrian explosion
ugly / shameful / to ridicule
pre-Cambrian, geological period before c. 540m years ago
Phanerozoic, geological eon lasting since the Cambrian 寒武紀|寒武纪, c. 540m year ago
cold snap during the spring
cold pillow and lonely bed (idiom); fig. cold and solitary existence
(bird species of China) Daurian jackdaw (Coloeus dauuricus)
murine typhus fever
stomach cold (TCM)
lechery springs from warmth and nourishment, kleptomania springs from hunger and cold (idiom)


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