Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT Simple English to Chinese dictionary


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Pīnyīn
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HSK
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *商* | 商* | *商
Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC) / surname Shang
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *被* | 被* | *被
quilt / by / (indicates passive-voice clauses) / (literary) to cover / to meet with / (coll.) (since c. 2009) used before a verb that does not accurately represent what actually happened, to describe with black humor how sb or sth was dealt with by the authorities (as in 被自殺|被自杀)
HSK 3
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *明* | 明* | *明
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *直* | 直* | *直
surname Zhi / Zhi (c. 2000 BC), fifth of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *夏* | 夏* | *夏
the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC / Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432) / surname Xia
Ali (proper name) / Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. 600-661), cousin, aid and son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed 穆罕默德, the fourth Caliph 哈里發|哈里发 of Islam, reigned 656-661, and the first Imam 伊瑪目|伊玛目 of Shia Islam / Ngari prefecture in Tibet, Tibetan: Mnga' ris
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *克* | 克* | *克
Ke (c. 2000 BC), seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *承* | 承* | *承
surname Cheng / Cheng (c. 2000 BC), third of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *丁* | 丁* | *丁
fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / fourth in order / letter "D" or Roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 195° / butyl / cubes (of food)
HSK 6
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *甲* | 甲* | *甲
first of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / (used for an unspecified person or thing) / first (in a list, as a party to a contract etc) / letter "A" or roman "I" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / armor plating / shell or carapace / (of the fingers or toes) nail / bladed leather or metal armor (old) / ranking system used in the Imperial examinations (old) / civil administration unit in the baojia 保甲 system (old) / ancient Chinese compass point: 75°
HSK 5
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *启* | 启* | *启
Qi son of Yu the Great , reported founder of the Xia Dynasty 夏朝 (c. 2070-c. 1600 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *乙* | 乙* | *乙
second of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / second in order / letter "B" or Roman "II" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / second party (in legal contract, usually 乙方, as opposed to 甲方) / ethyl / bent / winding / radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 5) / ancient Chinese compass point: 105°
HSK 5
Chinese language (Mandarin), emphasizing its national nature / Chinese as a primary or secondary school subject / Chinese in the context of the Nationalist Government / Guoyu, book of historical narrative c. 10th-5th century BC
grade 3 / third class / category C
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *辛* | 辛* | *辛
(of taste) hot or pungent / hard / laborious / suffering / eighth in order / eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / letter "H" or Roman "VIII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 285° / octa
Washington (name) / George Washington (1732-1799), first US president / Washington, US State / Washington, D.C. (US federal capital)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *囧* | 囧* | *囧
(archaic) light, bright (variant of ) / (since c. 2005) (slang) emoticon signifying embarrassment, shock, helplessness etc
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *尧* | 尧* | *尧
surname Yao / Yao or Tang Yao (c. 2200 BC), one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, second son of Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *己* | 己* | *己
self / oneself / sixth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / sixth in order / letter "F" or Roman "VI" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / hexa
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *厘* | 厘* | *厘
Li (c. 2000 BC), sixth of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God, also known as Ai
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *禹* | 禹* | *禹
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC), mythical leader who tamed the floods / surname Yu
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *丙* | 丙* | *丙
third of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / third in order / letter "C" or Roman "III" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 165° / propyl
HSK 6
Japanese limited company / corporation / public company / Ltd / p.l.c. / Corp / Japanese pr. kabushiki-gaisha
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *舜* | 舜* | *舜
Shun (c. 22nd century BC), mythical sage and leader
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *庚* | 庚* | *庚
age / seventh of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / seventh in order / letter "G" or Roman "VII" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 255° / hepta
Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Wu 孫武|孙武 (c. 500 BC, dates of birth and death uncertain), general, strategist and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period (700-475 BC), believed to be the author of the “Art of War” 孫子兵法|孙子兵法, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书
Washington, D.C. / the US federal government
C drive or default startup drive (computing)
Duke of Zhou (11th c. BC), son of King Wen of Zhou 周文王, played an important role as regent in founding the Western Zhou 西周, and is also known as the "God of Dreams"
Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism / the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Fuyu county in Songyuan 松原, Jilin / Pu'yo, Korean Buyeo (c. 200 BC-494 AD), ancient kingdom in northeast frontier region of China
°C (degrees Celsius)
Changle county level city in Fuzhou 福州, Fujian / Princess Changle of Western Wei of the Northern dynasties 西魏, given in marriage c. 545 to Bumin Khan 土門|土门
the Yellow Emperor, mythological emperor of China, reigned c. 2697-2597 BC
Beijing resident / Peking ape-man, Homo erectus pekinensis (c. 600,000 BC), discovered in 1921 at Zhoukoudian 周口店, Beijing
Shennong or Farmer God (c. 2000 BC), first of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 and creator of agriculture
"Erya" or "The Ready Guide", first extant Chinese dictionary, c. 3rd century BC, with glossaries on classical texts
School of Principle / Neo-Confucian Rationalistic School (from Song to mid-Qing times, c. 1000-1750, typified by the teachings of Cheng Hao 程顥|程颢, Cheng Yi 程頤|程颐 and Zhu Xi 朱熹)
pomelo (Citrus maxima or C. grandis) / shaddock / oriental grapefruit
state of Wei (c. 1040-209 BC), vassal of Zhou
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哀* | 哀* | *哀
Ai (c. 2000 BC), sixth of legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God, also known as Li 釐|厘
official announcement (neologism c. 2018)
Liu Bei (161-223), warlord at the end of the Han dynasty and founder of the Han kingdom of Shu 蜀漢|蜀汉 (c. 200-263), later the Shu Han dynasty
Mencius (c. 372-c. 289 BC), Confucian philosopher second only to Confucius / book of the same name, one of the classics of Confucianism
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *柚* | 柚* | *柚
pomelo (Citrus maxima or C. grandis) / shaddock / oriental grapefruit
Hua Mulan, legendary woman warrior (c. fifth century), Northern dynasties folk hero recorded in Sui and Tang literature
Ur (Sumerian city c. 4500 BC in modern Iraq)
Marco Polo (1254-c. 1324), Venetian trader and explorer who traveled the Silk road to China, author of Il Milione (Travels of Marco Polo)
abbr. for 黃帝內經|黄帝内经, The Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon, medical text c. 300 BC
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *垚* | 垚* | *垚
variant of 堯|尧, legendary emperor Yao, c. 2200 BC / embankment
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *戊* | 戊* | *戊
fifth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / fifth in order / letter "E" or Roman "V" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / penta
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC) mythical leader who tamed the floods
On learning, classic book by Confucian philosopher Xun Zi 荀子 (c. 310-237 BC)
Classic of Mountain and Sea, probably compiled c. 500 BC-200 BC, contains wide range of geography, mythology, witchcraft, popular customs etc
(neologism c. 2017) (coll.) chill about everything (typically used to describe young people who don't buy into aspirational society)
Mozi (c. 470-391 BC), founder of the Mohist School 墨家 of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
peanut gallery (esp. in online forums) / onlookers who are interested in the spectacle but don't have anything knowledgeable to say about it / (neologism c. 2016)
Industrial Revolution, c. 1750-1830
Confucian school, founded by Confucius 孔子 (551-479 BC) and Mencius 孟子 (c. 372-c. 289 BC)
(neologism c. 2012) (interjection of encouragement) Let’s do this! / Come on, you can do this!
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践 of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
Liangzhu (c. 3400-2250 BC), neolithic culture of Changjiang delta
Xun Zi or Hsun Tzu (c. 310-237 BC), Confucian philosopher and author of On learning 勸學|劝学
Plato (c. 427-c. 347 BC), Greek philosopher
Daji (c. 11th century BC), concubine of the last Shang dynasty king Zhou Xin 紂辛|纣辛
Zuo Zhuan or Tsochuan, Mr Zuo's Annals or Mr Zuo's commentary on 春秋, early history c. 400 BC attributed to famous blind historian Zuo Qiuming 左丘明
Li Shangyin (c. 813-858), Tang poet
Mohammed (c. 570-632), central figure of Islam and prophet of God
Daoist School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), based on the teachings of Laozi or Lao-tze 老子 (c. 500 BC-) and Zhuangzi 庄子 (369-286 BC)
Archimedes (c. 287-212 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *壬* | 壬* | *壬
ninth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / ninth in order / letter "I" or Roman "IX" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 345° / nona
Tao Yuanming (c. 365-427), Jin dynasty writer and poet
bronze implement / refers to ancient bronze artifacts, from c. 2,000 BC
Chu Ci, the Songs of Chu (ancient book of poems, collected during Han but esp. from country of Chu c. 500 BC)
The Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon, medical text c. 300 BC
(neologism, c. 2015) (coll.) most prominent position (e.g. in a group photo of entertainers) (loanword from "carry" or "center" or "core")
pomelo tree (Citrus maxima or C. grandis) / shaddock / oriental grapefruit
Kim Jong-un (c. 1983-), third son of Kim Jong-il 金正日, supreme leader of North Korea from 2011
Shu Han (c. 200-263), Liu Bei's kingdom in Sichuan during the Three Kingdoms, claiming legitimacy as successor of Han
Han Fei, also known as Han Feizi 韓非子|韩非子 (c. 280-233 BC), Legalist philosopher of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
(neologism c. 2009) don't worry, it's all taken care of
Sun Wu, also known as Sun Tzu 孫子|孙子 (c. 500 BC, dates of birth and death uncertain), general, strategist and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period (700-475 BC), believed to be the author of the “Art of War” 孫子兵法|孙子兵法, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书
the prehistoric Shang dynasty (c. 16th-11th century BC)
Li Qingzhao (1084-c. 1151), southern Song female poet
Hamlet (name) / the Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark c. 1601 by William Shakespeare 莎士比亞|莎士比亚
Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC)
Jiang Ziya (c. 1100 BC, dates of birth and death unknown), partly mythical sage advisor to King Wen of Zhou 周文王 and purported author of “Six Secret Strategic Teachings” 六韜|六韬, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书
(neologism c. 2013) organized disruption of healthcare facilities or verbal and physical abuse of medical staff, by an aggrieved patient or proxies such as family members or hired thugs, typically aimed at obtaining compensation
Li Si (c. 280-208 BC), Legalist philosopher, calligrapher and prime minister of Qin kingdom and Qin dynasty from 246 to 208 BC
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *癸* | 癸* | *癸
tenth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / tenth in order / letter "J" or Roman "X" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 15° / deca
a low fever (up to 38°C)
Leonardo Fibonacci (c. 1170-1250), Italian mathematician
(neologism c. 2017) to dote on cats
Flame Emperors (c. 2000 BC), legendary dynasty descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
coupons for food or grain used in a PRC economic program c. 1955-1993
Zhang Zuolin (c. 1873-1928), warlord of Manchuria 1916-1928
Eight Banners, military organization of Manchu later Jin dynasty 後金|后金 from c. 1600, subsequently of the Qing dynasty
Cao Xueqin (c. 1715-c. 1764), accepted author of A Dream of Red Mansions 紅樓夢|红楼梦
Plato's "The Republic" (c. 380 BC)
Li Yu (c. 937-978), given name of the final ruler of Tang of the Five Southern dynasties Li Houzhu 李後主|李后主, a renowned poet

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