Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT Simple English to Chinese dictionary


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charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *商* | 商* | *商
Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC) / surname Shang
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *周* | 周* | *周
surname Zhou / Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *前* | 前* | *前
front / forward / ahead / first / top (followed by a number) / future / ago / before / BC (e.g. 293) / former / formerly
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *陈* | 陈* | *陈
surname Chen / vassal state during the Spring and Autumn Period 770-475 BC / Chen of the Southern dynasties (557-589)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *明* | 明* | *明
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *直* | 直* | *直
surname Zhi / Zhi (c. 2000 BC), fifth of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *夏* | 夏* | *夏
the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC / Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432) / surname Xia
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *汉* | 汉* | *汉
Han ethnic group / Chinese (language) / the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *赵* | 赵* | *赵
surname Zhao / one of the seven states during the Warring States Period (476-220 BC) / the Former Zhao 前趙 (304-329) and Later Zhao 後趙 (319-350), states of the Sixteen Kingdoms
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *魏* | 魏* | *魏
surname Wei / name of vassal state of Zhou dynasty from 661 BC in Shanxi, one of the Seven Hero Warring States / Wei state, founded by Cao Cao 曹操, one of the Three Kingdoms from the fall of the Han / the Wei dynasty 221-265 / Wei prefecture and Wei county at different historical periods
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *卫* | 卫* | *卫
surname Wei / vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1066-221 BC), located in present day Henan and Hebei Provinces
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *克* | 克* | *克
Ke (c. 2000 BC), seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *承* | 承* | *承
surname Cheng / Cheng (c. 2000 BC), third of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *薛* | 薛* | *薛
surname Xue / vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *秦* | 秦* | *秦
surname Qin / Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) of the first emperor 秦始皇 / abbr. for 陝西|陕西
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *翼* | 翼* | *翼
surname Yi / alternative name for 絳|绛 capital of the Jin State during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-475 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *启* | 启* | *启
Qi son of Yu the Great , reported founder of the Xia Dynasty 夏朝 (c. 2070-c. 1600 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *楚* | 楚* | *楚
surname Chu / abbr. for Hubei 湖北省 and Hunan 湖南省 provinces together / Chinese kingdom during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods (722-221 BC)
Chinese language (Mandarin), emphasizing its national nature / Chinese as a primary or secondary school subject / Chinese in the context of the Nationalist Government / Guoyu, book of historical narrative c. 10th-5th century BC
School of Logicians of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC), also called the School of Names
Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) / Spring and Autumn Annals, chronicle of Lu State (722-481 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *姬* | 姬* | *姬
surname Ji / family name of the Zhou Dynasty 周代 (1046-256 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *尧* | 尧* | *尧
surname Yao / Yao or Tang Yao (c. 2200 BC), one of Five legendary Emperors 五帝, second son of Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾
lit. warp and weft in weaving; vertically and horizontal / length and breadth / criss-crossed / able to move unhindered / abbr. for 合縱連橫|合纵连横, School of Diplomacy during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)
HSK 6
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *邹* | 邹* | *邹
surname Zou / vassal state during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC) in the southeast of Shandong Province
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *狄* | 狄* | *狄
surname Di / generic name for northern ethnic minorities during the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 BC-220 AD)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *翟* | 翟* | *翟
surname Di / variant of , generic name for northern ethnic minorities during the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 BC-220 AD)
School of Agriculture, school of thought of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *厘* | 厘* | *厘
Li (c. 2000 BC), sixth of the legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God, also known as Ai
the Warring States period (475-221 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *禹* | 禹* | *禹
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC), mythical leader who tamed the floods / surname Yu
Confucius (551-479 BC), Chinese thinker and social philosopher, also known as 孔夫子
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *舜* | 舜* | *舜
Shun (c. 22nd century BC), mythical sage and leader
Sun Tzu, also known as Sun Wu 孫武|孙武 (c. 500 BC, dates of birth and death uncertain), general, strategist and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period (700-475 BC), believed to be the author of the “Art of War” 孫子兵法|孙子兵法, one of the Seven Military Classics of ancient China 武經七書|武经七书
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *阮* | 阮* | *阮
surname Ruan / small state during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC) located in the southeast of modern-day Gansu Province
Duke of Zhou (11th c. BC), son of King Wen of Zhou 周文王, played an important role as regent in founding the Western Zhou 西周, and is also known as the "God of Dreams"
Laozi or Lao-tze (c. 500 BC), Chinese philosopher, the founder of Taoism / the sacred book of Daoism, 道德經|道德经 by Laozi
Fuyu county in Songyuan 松原, Jilin / Pu'yo, Korean Buyeo (c. 200 BC-494 AD), ancient kingdom in northeast frontier region of China
a powerful chief of the princes of the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) / overlord / hegemon
the Yellow Emperor, mythological emperor of China, reigned c. 2697-2597 BC
BCE (before the Common Era) / BC (before Christ)
Beijing resident / Peking ape-man, Homo erectus pekinensis (c. 600,000 BC), discovered in 1921 at Zhoukoudian 周口店, Beijing
Shennong or Farmer God (c. 2000 BC), first of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 and creator of agriculture
"Erya" or "The Ready Guide", first extant Chinese dictionary, c. 3rd century BC, with glossaries on classical texts
Guanzi or Guan Zhong 管仲 (-645 BC), famous politician of Qi 齊國|齐国 of Spring and Autumn period / Guanzi, classical book containing writings of Guan Zhong and his school
state of Wei (c. 1040-209 BC), vassal of Zhou
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *绛* | 绛* | *绛
capital of the Jin State during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-475 BC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哀* | 哀* | *哀
Ai (c. 2000 BC), sixth of legendary Flame Emperors 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God, also known as Li 釐|厘
feudal vassal / feudal princes, esp. the monarchs (dukes or princes) of the several vassal states 諸侯國|诸侯国 of Zhou during Western Zhou and Spring and Autumn periods 11th-5th century BC / subordinate warlord / local official
Mencius (c. 372-c. 289 BC), Confucian philosopher second only to Confucius / book of the same name, one of the classics of Confucianism
Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-8 AD), also called 前漢|前汉, Former Han Dynasty
the Grand Canal, 1800 km from Beijing to Hangzhou, built starting from 486 BC
the Qin (221-207 BC) and Han (206 BC-220 AD) dynasties
Mandate of Heaven / the Grand Canal, 1800 km from Beijing to Hangzhou, built starting from 486 BC / usually written 大運河|大运河
Qin Shihuang (259-210 BC), the first emperor
Han Xin (-196 BC), famous general of first Han emperor Liu Bang 劉邦|刘邦
Ur (Sumerian city c. 4500 BC in modern Iraq)
abbr. for 黃帝內經|黄帝内经, The Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon, medical text c. 300 BC
Zhuangzi (369-286 BC), Daoist author
pre-Qin, Chinese history up to the foundation of the Qin imperial dynasty in 221 BC
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *垚* | 垚* | *垚
variant of 堯|尧, legendary emperor Yao, c. 2200 BC / embankment
Yu the Great (c. 21st century BC) mythical leader who tamed the floods
On learning, classic book by Confucian philosopher Xun Zi 荀子 (c. 310-237 BC)
Classic of Mountain and Sea, probably compiled c. 500 BC-200 BC, contains wide range of geography, mythology, witchcraft, popular customs etc
the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
Fuxi or Fu Hsi, legendary Chinese emperor, trad. 2852-2738 BC, mythical creator of fishing, trapping and writing
Western Zhou (1027-771 BC)
Mozi (c. 470-391 BC), founder of the Mohist School 墨家 of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
the Spring and Autumn (770-476 BC) and Warring States (475-221 BC) periods
Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
Confucian school, founded by Confucius 孔子 (551-479 BC) and Mencius 孟子 (c. 372-c. 289 BC)
School of Minor-talks, one of the Hundred Schools of Thought 諸子百家|诸子百家 during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)
Silla, Korean kingdom 57 BC-935 AD / one of the Korean Three Kingdoms from 1st century AD, defeating its rivals Paikche 百濟|百济 and Koguryo 高句麗|高句丽 around 660 in alliance with Tang China / unified Silla 658-935
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践 of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
Xiang Yu the Conqueror (232-202 BC), warlord defeated by first Han emperor
the Warring States period (475-221 BC) / Japanese Warring States period (15th-17th century)
Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC)
the Grand Canal, 1800 km from Beijing to Hangzhou, built starting from 486 BC
Roman Empire (27 BC-476 AD)
Liangzhu (c. 3400-2250 BC), neolithic culture of Changjiang delta
Xun Zi or Hsun Tzu (c. 310-237 BC), Confucian philosopher and author of On learning 勸學|劝学
Plato (c. 427-c. 347 BC), Greek philosopher
Daji (c. 11th century BC), concubine of the last Shang dynasty king Zhou Xin 紂辛|纣辛
the Twenty-Four Histories (25 or 26 in modern editions), collection of books on Chinese dynastic history from 3000 BC till 17th century / fig. a long and complicated story
Liu Bang (256 or 247-195 BC), bandit leader who became first Han emperor Han Gaozu 漢高祖|汉高祖 (reigned 202-195 BC)
Zuo Zhuan or Tsochuan, Mr Zuo's Annals or Mr Zuo's commentary on 春秋, early history c. 400 BC attributed to famous blind historian Zuo Qiuming 左丘明
Titus Livius or Livy (59 BC-17 AD), Roman historian
Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty (141-87 BC)
Daoist School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), based on the teachings of Laozi or Lao-tze 老子 (c. 500 BC-) and Zhuangzi 庄子 (369-286 BC)
the state of Chu, one of the most important of the small states contending for power in China between 770 and 223 BC, located around present-day Hubei
Archimedes (c. 287-212 BC)
the state of Qin, one of the seven states of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)
bronze implement / refers to ancient bronze artifacts, from c. 2,000 BC
A Mirror for the Wise Ruler (or Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government), a vast chronological general history, written by 司馬光|司马光 Sima Guang (1019-1089) and collaborators during the Northern Song in 1084, covering the period 403 BC-959 AD, 294 scrolls
Chu Ci, the Songs of Chu (ancient book of poems, collected during Han but esp. from country of Chu c. 500 BC)
The Yellow Emperor's Internal Canon, medical text c. 300 BC
Qu Yuan (340-278 BC), famous Warring States statesman and poet, author of Sorrow at Parting 離騷|离骚 Lisao in Songs of Chu 楚辭|楚辞
Aristotle (384-322 BC), Greek philosopher
Aesop (trad. 620-560 BC), Greek slave and storyteller, supposed author of Aesop's fables
Jing Ke (-227 BC), celebrated in verse and fiction as would-be assassin of King Ying Zheng of Qin 秦嬴政 (later the First Emperor 秦始皇)

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