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Mandarin pronunciation:  pin1yin1 | pīn​yīn​ | ㄅㄆㄇㄈ
Mandarin tone colors:  off | āáǎàa | āáǎàa
Mandarin syllables:  no spaces | space separated
HSK levels:  hide | show
Chinese font size:  small | large
Show pronunciation:  always | on mouse over
below 汉字 | above 汉字 | right of 汉字
Character dictionary only
Cantonese pronunciation:  hide | Yale | Jyutping
Yale Cantonese:  a5 | áh
Cangjie:  hide | letters | 汉字
Four corner codes:  hide | show
Simplified
Pin1yin1
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *的* | 的* | *的
of / ~'s (possessive particle) / (used after an attribute) / (used to form a nominal expression) / (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis)
HSK 1
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *吗* | 吗* | *吗
(question particle for "yes-no" questions)
HSK 1
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *了* | 了* | *了
(completed action marker) / (modal particle indicating change of state, situation now) / (modal particle intensifying preceding clause)
HSK 1
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *呢* | 呢* | *呢
particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about ...?", "And ...?") / particle for inquiring about location ("Where is ...?") / particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?") / (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action / particle indicating strong affirmation
HSK 1
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *吧* | 吧* | *吧
(modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise) / ...right? / ...OK? / ...I presume.
HSK 2
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *也* | 也* | *也
also / too / (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation
HSK 2
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *着* | 着* | *着
aspect particle indicating action in progress
HSK 2
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *得* | 得* | *得
structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc
HSK 2
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *地* | 地* | *地
-ly / structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
HSK 3
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *把* | 把* | *把
to hold / to contain / to grasp / to take hold of / handle / particle marking the following noun as a direct object / classifier for objects with handle / classifier for small objects: handful
HSK 3
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *啊* | 啊* | *啊
modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent
HSK 3
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *之* | 之* | *之
(possessive particle, literary equivalent of ) / him / her / it
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *呀* | 呀* | *呀
(particle equivalent to after a vowel, expressing surprise or doubt)
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *所* | 所* | *所
actually / place / classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc / that which / particle introducing a relative clause or passive / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *啦* | 啦* | *啦
sentence-final particle, contraction of 了啊, indicating exclamation / particle placed after each item in a list of examples
HSK 6
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *嘛* | 嘛* | *嘛
modal particle indicating that sth is obvious / particle indicating a pause for emphasis
HSK 6
to shoot (a projectile) / to fire (a rocket) / to launch / to emit (a particle) / to discharge / emanation / emission
HSK 6
electronic / electron (particle physics)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *管* | 管* | *管
to take care (of) / to control / to manage / to be in charge of / to look after / to run / to care about / tube / pipe / woodwind / classifier for tube-shaped objects / particle similar to in ... constructions / writing brush / (coll.) to / towards
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *可* | 可* | *可
can / may / able to / to approve / to permit / to suit / (particle used for emphasis) certainly / very
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *于* | 于* | *于
to go / to take / sentence-final interrogative particle / variant of 於|于
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哪* | 哪* | *哪
(emphatic sentence-final particle, used instead of after a word ending in "n")
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *乎* | 乎* | *乎
(classical particle similar to 於|于) in / at / from / because / than / (classical final particle similar to 嗎|吗, , , expressing question, doubt or astonishment)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哦* | 哦* | *哦
sentence-final particle that conveys informality, warmth, friendliness or intimacy / may also indicate that one is stating a fact that the other person is not aware of
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *伊* | 伊* | *伊
(old) third person singular pronoun ("he" or "she") / second person singular pronoun ("you") / (May 4th period) third person singular feminine pronoun ("she") / (Classical Chinese) introductory particle with no specific meaning / that (preceding a noun)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *么* | 么* | *么
exclamatory final particle
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *么* | 么* | *么
interrogative final particle
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *底* | 底* | *底
(equivalent to as possessive particle)
accelerator (computing) / particle accelerator
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *居* | 居* | *居
(archaic) sentence-final particle expressing a doubting attitude
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *夫* | 夫* | *夫
(classical) this, that / he, she, they / (exclamatory final particle) / (initial particle, introduces an opinion)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哩* | 哩* | *哩
(modal final particle similar to or )
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *咯* | 咯* | *咯
(final particle similar to , indicating that sth is obvious)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哟* | 哟* | *哟
(sentence-final particle expressing exhortation) / (syllable filler in a song)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *耶* | 耶* | *耶
interrogative particle (classical)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *耶* | 耶* | *耶
final particle indicating enthusiasm etc
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *呗* | 呗* | *呗
modal particle indicating indicating lack of enthusiasm / modal particle indicating that things should only or can only be done a certain way
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *呐* | 呐* | *呐
sentence-final particle (abbr. for 呢啊 or variant of )
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *罢* | 罢* | *罢
(final particle, same as )
to eliminate dust (i.e. filter out suspended particles)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *喔* | 喔* | *喔
(particle) marker of surprise, sudden realization, reminder
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *兮* | 兮* | *兮
(particle in old Chinese similar to )
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *喽* | 喽* | *喽
(final particle equivalent to ) / (particle calling attention to, or mildly warning of, a situation)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *咩* | 咩* | *咩
the bleating of sheep / final particle which transforms statements into questions that indicate doubt or surprise (Cantonese)
proton (positively charged nuclear particle) / a prince sent to be held as a hostage in a neighbouring state in ancient China
a modal particle indicating (that's all, only, nothing much)
a modal particle indicating (don't mind it, ok)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *哉* | 哉* | *哉
(exclamatory or interrogative particle)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *啵* | 啵* | *啵
grammatical particle equivalent to
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *矣* | 矣* | *矣
classical final particle, similar to modern
(elementary) particle / grain
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *噶* | 噶* | *噶
phonetic ga (used in rendering Tibetan and Mongolian sounds) / Tibetan Ge: language of Buddha / (dialect) final particle similar to (esp. in Yunnan)
photon (particle physics)
point mass / particle
fragments / particles
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *啰* | 啰* | *啰
(final exclamatory particle)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *羌* | 羌* | *羌
muntjac / grammar particle indicating nonsense (classical)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *咧* | 咧* | *咧
modal particle expressing exclamation
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *嘞* | 嘞* | *嘞
sentence-final particle similar to , but carrying a tone of approval
particle board / chipboard
to capture (enemy property or personnel) / capture (physics: absorption of subatomic particle by an atom or nucleus)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *啫* | 啫* | *啫
particle used for interjection (Cantonese) / see also 啫哩
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *聿* | 聿* | *聿
(arch. introductory particle) / then / and then
speck / particle
quark (particle physics) (loanword)
(particle used to exaggerate certain adjectives, in particular 神經兮兮|神经兮兮, 髒兮兮|脏兮兮, 可憐兮兮|可怜兮兮, and 慘兮兮|惨兮兮)
electrically charged particles
dust / (Buddhism) minutest particle of matter
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *嘅* | 嘅* | *嘅
possessive particle (Cantonese) / Mandarin equivalent:
particle (grammatical)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *唷* | 唷* | *唷
final particle expressing exhortation, admiration etc
hadron (particle physics)
neutrino (particle physics) / also written 微中子
floating dust / atmospheric particles
colloid / colloidal particles
modal particle
a particle collider
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *欤* | 欤* | *欤
(literary) (final particle similar to 嗎|吗, or )
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *唻* | 唻* | *唻
(modal particle similar to or )
lepton (particle physics)
"ants climbing a tree", a Sichuan dish made with cellophane noodles 粉絲|粉丝 and ground meat (so called because the particles of meat clinging to the noodles look like ants on the twigs of a tree) / (sex position) man standing, woman clinging to his upper body / (erotic massage) full-body licking
lit. , , and (four grammatical particles of Classical Chinese) (idiom); fig. archaic expressions
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *咗* | 咗* | *咗
Cantonese particle equivalent to or 過|过
fine particle (PM 2.5) / fine particulate matter (air pollution etc)
electron volt (unit of energy used in particle physics, approximately 10^-19 Joules)
flecks / particles / bits / fine powder
particle physics
particle physics
Higgs (name) / Peter Higgs (1929-), British theoretical physicist, one proposer of the Higgs mechanism or Higgs boson to explain the mass of elementary particles
elementary particle (particle physics)
gluon (particle physics)
wave-particle duality in quantum mechanics
strong interaction (in particle physics) / strong force
Standard Model (of particle physics)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *嚜* | 嚜* | *嚜
(final particle)
many-particle (physics)
infix (grammar), particle attached within a word or expression
the Higgs mechanism, explaining the mass of elementary particles in the Standard Model
weak interaction (in particle physics) / weak force
modal particle

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