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Mandarin pronunciation:  pin1yin1 | pīn​yīn​ | ㄅㄆㄇㄈ
Mandarin tone colors:  off | āáǎàa | āáǎàa
Mandarin syllables:  no spaces | space separated
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Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *角* | 角* | *角
role (theater) / to compete / ancient three legged wine vessel / third note of pentatonic scale
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *尺* | 尺* | *尺
a Chinese foot / one-third of a meter / a ruler / a tape-measure / one of the three acupoints for measuring pulse in Chinese medicine / CL: ,
three-year college / junior college / professional training college
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *三* | 三* | *三
three / 3
HSK 1
three generations of a family / the three earliest dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou)
Three Gorges on the Chang Jiang or Yangtze, namely: Qutang Gorge 瞿塘峽|瞿塘峡, Wuxia Gorge 巫峽|巫峡 and Xiling Gorge 西陵峽|西陵峡 / Sanxia or Sanhsia town in New Taipei City 新北市, Taiwan
sb who is romantically involved with sb already in a committed relationship / the other woman / the other man / third person / third party (in dispute) / disinterested party / number three in a list
History of the Three Kingdoms, fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed by Chen Shou 陳壽|陈寿 in 289 during Jin Dynasty 晉朝|晋朝, 65 scrolls
three years ago
the three no's (abbreviated catchphrase)
Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / a fictional account of the Three Kingdoms at the break-up of the Han around 200 AD, consistently portraying Liu Bei's Shu Han 劉備, 蜀漢|刘备, 蜀汉 as virtuous heroes and Cao Cao's Wei 曹操, as tyrannical villains
Mt Wu on the Changjiang River (Yangtze) by the Three Gorges
BWH, abbr. for a woman's three measurements, namely: bust 胸圍|胸围, waist 腰圍|腰围 and hip 臀圍|臀围
Zhao Yun (-229), general of Shu in Romance of the Three Kingdoms
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *魏* | 魏* | *魏
surname Wei / name of vassal state of Zhou dynasty from 661 BC in Shanxi, one of the Seven Hero Warring States / Wei state, founded by Cao Cao 曹操, one of the Three Kingdoms from the fall of the Han / the Wei dynasty 221-265 / Wei prefecture and Wei county at different historical periods
Di Renjie (607-700), Tang dynasty politician, prime minister under Wu Zetian, subsequently hero of legends / master sleuth Judge Dee, aka Chinese Sherlock Holmes, in novel Three murder cases solved by Judge Dee 狄公案 translated by Dutch sinologist R.H. van Gulik 高羅珮|高罗佩
one of three fabled islands in Eastern sea, abode of immortals
three major stars of the Three Stars 參宿|参宿 Chinese constellation / the belt of Orion / three spirits , 祿|禄, and 壽|寿 associated with the Three Stars 參宿|参宿 Chinese constellation
Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in Chinese history / several Three Kingdoms periods in Korean history, esp. from 1st century AD to unification under Silla 新羅|新罗 in 658
Yellow Crane Tower in Wuhan City, built in 223, burnt down in 1884, rebuilt in 1985 / favored place of poet sages, who in legend arrived riding golden cranes / Tang poem by Cui Hao 崔顥|崔颢, with theme 'the past will never return' / one of three famous pagodas in China along with Yueyang Tower 岳陽樓|岳阳楼 in Yueyang, north Hunan, and Tengwang Tower 滕王閣|滕王阁 in Nanchang, Jiangxi
to have three meals a day
line (in drawing, calligraphy etc) / the lines or contours of a three-dimensional object (hairstyle, clothing, car etc)
same as 中伏, last ten days of July and first ten days of August, the second of 三伏, three hottest periods of the year
Ma Chao (176-222), general of Shu in Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Three Gorges or Yangtze Gorges, namely: Qutang Gorge 瞿塘峽|瞿塘峡, Wuxia Gorge 巫峽|巫峡 and Xiling Gorge 西陵峽|西陵峡
one of the three main divisions of the Book of Songs 詩經|诗经
the three rural issues: agriculture, rural areas and peasants
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *倍* | 倍* | *倍
(two, three etc) -fold / times (multiplier) / double / to increase or multiply
HSK 5
Shu Han (c. 200-263), Liu Bei's kingdom in Sichuan during the Three Kingdoms, claiming legitimacy as successor of Han
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *鼎* | 鼎* | *鼎
ancient cooking cauldron with two looped handles and three or four legs / pot (dialect) / to enter upon a period of (classical) / Kangxi radical 206 / one of the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes
hat trick (when one player scores three goals)
lit. twice every three days (idiom); practically every day / frequently
Three hundred Tang dynasty poems, a stable anthology collected around 1763 by Sun Zhu 孫誅
Wu state (in south China, in different historical periods) / Wu state 220-280, founded by Sun Quan 孫權|孙权 the southernmost of the three Kingdoms
Tengwang Tower in Nanchang, Jiangxi / one of three famous pagodas in China along with Yueyang Tower 岳陽樓|岳阳楼 in Yueyang, north Hunan, and Yellow Crane Tower 黃鶴樓|黄鹤楼 in Wuhan, Hubei
the Three Principles (in many contexts)
the Three Religions (Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism) and Nine Schools (Confucians, Daoists, Yin-Yang, Legalists, Logicians, Mohists, Political Strategists, Eclectics, Agriculturists) / fig. people from all trades (often derog.)
lit. say three in the morning but four in the evening (idiom); to change sth that is already settled upon / indecisive / to blow hot and cold
earliest extant Chinese encyclopedia from Wei of the Three Kingdoms, 3rd century, modeled on Erya 爾雅|尔雅, 18150 entries
two or three
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *鬲* | 鬲* | *鬲
ancient ceramic three-legged vessel used for cooking with cord markings on the outside and hollow legs
a thing should not be attempted more than three times (idiom) / don't repeat the same mistake again and again / bad things don't happen more than three times
three-dimensional / solid / stereoscopic
HSK 6
Xiao Qiao, one of the Two Qiaos, according to Romance of the Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, the two great beauties of ancient China
the three energies of Chinese medicine: , 氣|气, and
Wuxia Gorge on the Changjiang or Yangtze, the middle of the Three Gorges 三峽|三峡
three generations under one roof
Cao Cao (155-220), famous statesman and general at the end of Han, noted poet and calligrapher, later warlord, founder and first king of Cao Wei 曹魏, father of Emperor Cao Pi 曹丕 / the main villain of novel the Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义
Liu Bei's five great generals in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, namely: Guan Yu 關羽|关羽, Zhang Fei 張飛|张飞, Zhao Yun 趙雲|赵云, Ma Chao 馬超|马超, Huang Zhong 黃忠|黄忠
lit. to have three heads and six arms (idiom) / fig. to possess remarkable abilities / a being of formidable powers
Lao San Pian, three short essays written by Mao Zedong before the PRC was established
seven mortal forms in Daoism, representing carnal life and desires / contrasted with 三魂 three immortal souls
the Three Su father and sons / refers to northern Song literati Su Xun 蘇洵|苏洵, Su Shi 蘇軾|苏轼 and Su Zhe 蘇轍|苏辙
abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会, Three-Self Patriotic Movement
three, set five remove two (abacus rule) / efficiently / quickly and easily
Eight Giants of Tang and Song prose, esp. involved in the Classics movement 古文運動|古文运动, namely: Han Yu 韓愈|韩愈, Liu Zongyuan 柳宗元, Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修|欧阳修, the Three Su father and sons 三蘇|三苏, Wang Anshi 王安石, Zeng Gong 曾鞏|曾巩
three-shift system (work rostering)
China's three northern regions, 東北|东北, 華北|华北 and 西北
Da Qiao, one of the Two Qiaos, according to Romance of the Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, the two great beauties of ancient China
the three plain colors used for clothing in the PRC in the 1960s: black, gray and blue
last ten days of July and first ten days of August, the second of 三伏 sān fú, three hottest periods of the year
T-joint / T-piece / T-pipe / three links
three-dimensional / 3D
"three-guarantee service": repair, exchange, refund
to make a pact of brotherhood (from “Romance of the Three Kingdoms” 三國演義|三国演义) (idiom)
military strategy / military tactics / originally refers to military classics Six Secret Teachings 六韜|六韬 and Three Strategies 三略
Sichuan / the state of Shu in Sichuan at different periods / the Shu Han dynasty (214-263) of Liu Bei 劉備|刘备 during the Three Kingdoms
Paekche or Baekje (18 BC-660 AD), one of the Korean Three Kingdoms
Toktoghan (1314-1355), Mongol politician during the Yuan dynasty, prime minister until 1345, compiled three dynastic histories of Song 宋史, Liao 遼史|辽史 and Jin 金史 / also written Tuoketuo 托克托
in groups of three or four (idiom)
three items / three events / three terms / tri- / trinomial, ternary (math.) / triathlon (abbr. for 三項全能|三项全能)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *叁* | 叁* | *叁
three (banker's anti-fraud numeral)
three in one / triple
reduced fraction (e.g. one half for three sixths) / to reduce a fraction by canceling common factors in the numerator and denominator
the Three Doctrines (Daoism, Confucianism, Buddhism)
nationalism / national self-determination / principle of nationalism, the first of Dr Sun Yat-sen's 孫中山|孙中山 Three principles of the people 三民主義|三民主义 (at the time, meaning parity between China and the great powers) / racism
lit. to fish for three days and sun-dry the nets for two days (proverb) / fig. not to persevere in doing sth / to do sth by fits and starts
Three Sovereigns, between Gods and Emperors in third millennium BC / usually listed as Suiren 燧人, Fuxi 伏羲, trapping and writing, Shennong or Farmer God 神農|神农
the coldest period of the year / three nine day periods after the winter solstice
1st rank or top three candidates who passed the imperial examination (i.e. 狀元|状元, 榜眼, and 探花, respectively)
Three Alls Policy (kill all, burn all, loot all), Japanese policy in China during WWII
the new boss cracks the whip three times / a new broom sweeps clean / fig. vigorous new policies
three men talking makes a tiger (idiom); repeated rumor becomes a fact
youngest brother / a period of two or three months
three-dimensional road junction (i.e. involving flyover bridges or underpass tunnels) / overpass
tuk tuk (three wheeler taxi) (loanword)
Su Shi (1037-1101), also known as Su Dongpo 蘇東坡|苏东坡 northern Song Dynasty writer and calligrapher / one of the Three Su father and sons 三蘇|三苏 and one of the Eight Giants of Tang and Song Prose 唐宋八大家
Zhao Yi (1727-1814), Qing dynasty poet and historian, one of Three great poets of the Qianlong era 乾嘉三大家
the Three Rules of Discipline and Eight Points for Attention, a military doctrine issued in 1928 by Mao Zedong for the Red Army, which included a number of injunctions demanding high standards of behavior and respect for civilians during wartime
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *仨* | 仨* | *仨
three (colloquial equivalent of 三個|三个)
the three foreign religions (Nestorianism, Manicheanism and Zoroastrianism)
to leave the net open on three sides (idiom); let the caged bird fly / to give one's opponent a way out / lenient treatment
three immortal souls in Daoism, representing spirit and intellect
Cheng Yu (141-220), advisor to General Cao Cao 曹操 during the Three Kingdoms era
three principles and five virtues (idiom) / the three rules (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and five constant virtues of Confucianism (benevolence , righteousness 義|义, propriety 禮|礼, wisdom and fidelity )
triose (CH20)3, monosaccharide with three carbon atoms, such as glyceraldehyde 甘油醛
three periods forming the hottest periods of summer, from mid-July to mid-August, namely: 初伏 (mid-July), 中伏 (late July to early August), 末伏 (mid-August)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *柘* | 柘* | *柘
a thorny tree / sugarcane / Cudrania triloba / three-bristle cudrania (Cudrania tricuspidata) / Chinese mulberry (Cudrania)
Three Character Classic, 13th century reading primer consisting of Confucian tenets in lines of 3 characters
reverberates around the rafters for three days (idiom); fig. sonorous and resounding (esp. of singing voice)

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