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Mandarin pronunciation:  pin1yin1 | pīn​yīn​ | ㄅㄆㄇㄈ
Mandarin tone colors:  off | āáǎàa | āáǎàa
Mandarin syllables:  no spaces | space separated
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Cantonese pronunciation:  hide | Yale | Jyutping
Yale Cantonese:  a5 | áh
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Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书 in Confucianism
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *明* | 明* | *明
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) / surname Ming / Ming (c. 2000 BC), fourth of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神農|神农 Farmer God
Ali (proper name) / Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. 600-661), cousin, aid and son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed 穆罕默德, the fourth Caliph 哈里發|哈里发 of Islam, reigned 656-661, and the first Imam 伊瑪目|伊玛目 of Shia Islam / Ngari prefecture in Tibet, Tibetan: Mnga' ris
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *鼎* | 鼎* | *鼎
ancient cooking cauldron with two looped handles and three or four legs / pot (dialect) / to enter upon a period of (classical) / Kangxi radical 206 / one of the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes
the four elements: earth, water, fire, and wind (Buddhism) / the four freedoms: speaking out freely, airing views fully, holding great debates, and writing big-character posters, 大鳴大放|大鸣大放, 大辯論|大辩论, 大字報|大字报 (PRC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *四* | 四* | *四
four / 4
HSK 1
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *子* | 子* | *子
son / child / seed / egg / small thing / 1st earthly branch: 11 p.m.-1 a.m., midnight, 11th solar month (7th December to 5th January), year of the Rat / Viscount, fourth of five orders of nobility 五等爵位 / ancient Chinese compass point: 0° (north)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *季* | 季* | *季
season / the last month of a season / fourth or youngest amongst brothers / classifier for seasonal crop yields
Beijing / capital of People's Republic of China / one of the four municipalities 直轄市|直辖市
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *丁* | 丁* | *丁
fourth of the ten Heavenly Stems 十天干 / fourth in order / letter "D" or Roman "IV" in list "A, B, C", or "I, II, III" etc / ancient Chinese compass point: 195° / butyl / cubes (of food)
HSK 6
grade 4 / fourth class / category D
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *燕* | 燕* | *燕
Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning / north Hebei / the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436) / surname Yan
four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *乘* | 乘* | *乘
four horse military chariot (archaic) / four (archaic) / generic term for history books
division of China during earliest dynasties / fig. ancient China / Kyūshū, southernmost of Japan's four major islands
spring and autumn / four seasons / year / a person's age / annals (used in book titles)
fourth of May, cf 五四運動|五四运动, national renewal movement that started with 4th May 1919 protest against the Treaty of Versailles
April / fourth month (of the lunar year)
fourth / four times / quartic
four-way / four-sided / in all directions / everywhere
History of the Three Kingdoms, fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, composed by Chen Shou 陳壽|陈寿 in 289 during Jin Dynasty 晉朝|晋朝, 65 scrolls
Journey to the West, Ming dynasty novel by Wu Cheng'en 吳承恩|吴承恩, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / also called Pilgrimage to the West or Monkey
four sides
fourth quarter
Azure Dragon, one of the four symbols of the Chinese constellations, also known as the Azure Dragon of the East 東方青龍|东方青龙 or 東方蒼龍|东方苍龙 / (slang) man without pubic hair
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *阮* | 阮* | *阮
ruan, a four-stringed Chinese lute
fourth quarter (of financial year)
Four Books, namely: the Great Learning 大學|大学, the Doctrine of the Mean 中庸, the Analects of Confucius 論語|论语, and Mencius 孟子
A Dream of Red Mansions (first completed edition 1791) by Cao Xueqin 曹雪芹, one of the four great novels
Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / a fictional account of the Three Kingdoms at the break-up of the Han around 200 AD, consistently portraying Liu Bei's Shu Han 劉備|刘备, 蜀漢|蜀汉 as virtuous heroes and Cao Cao's Wei 曹操, as tyrannical villains
the four social bonds: propriety, justice, integrity and honor / see 禮義廉恥|礼义廉耻 / the four directions / the four limbs (Chinese medicine) / four-dimensional
the four seasons / spring, summer, autumn and winter
Water Margin or Outlaws of the Marsh by Shi Nai'an 施耐庵, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature
May Fourth Movement / Chinese national renewal movement that started with 4th May 1919 protest against the Treaty of Versailles
four-leaf clover
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *卦* | 卦* | *卦
divinatory diagram / one of the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经 / one of the sixty-four divinatory hexagrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经
Diaochan (-192), one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, in fiction a famous beauty at the break-up of Han dynasty, given as concubine to usurping warlord Dong Zhuo 董卓 to ensure his overthrow by fighting hero Lü Bu 呂布|吕布
Mt Emei in Sichuan, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Samantabhadra 普賢|普贤 / Emeishan city
fourth-year university student
four corner code (input method for Chinese characters)
Shikoku (one of the four main islands of Japan)
the four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
the four limbs of the body
HSK 6
Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations practiced from the 1980s (possibly planned together with Zhou Enlai), namely: modernization of industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology / abbr. to 四化
(slang) swearword / four-letter word
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *肆* | 肆* | *肆
four (banker's anti-fraud numeral) / unrestrained / wanton / (literary) shop
(TCM) interrogation, one of the four methods of diagnosis 四診|四诊
the four book depositories, namely: classics 經|经, history , philosophy , belles-lettres
the top four
four rules of arithmetic / addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践 of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
modernization of science and technology, one of Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations
the four corners (of a rectangle) / the eaves that the four corners of a building
to round up to the nearest integer / to discard four, but treat five as whole (of decimal points)
four types of human emotions, namely: happiness 歡喜|欢喜, anger 憤怒|愤怒, sorrow 悲哀 and joy 快樂|快乐
the Twenty-Four Histories (25 or 26 in modern editions), collection of books on Chinese dynastic history from 3000 BC till 17th century / fig. a long and complicated story
Four Comprehensives (political guidelines announced by President Xi Jinping, 2015)
Mt Wutai in Shanxi 山西, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and home of the Bodhimanda of Manjushri 文殊
four-by-four (vehicle) / 4x4
Mt Jiuhua in Anhui, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Kṣitigarbha 地藏
thirty-fourth year D10 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1957 or 2017
the four heavenly kings (Sanskrit vajra) / the four guardians or warrior attendants of Buddha
Mt Potala at Zhoushan 舟山市 in Zhejiang, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Guanyin 觀音|观音 (Avalokiteśvara)
Tang Bohu or Tang Yin 唐寅 (1470-1523), Ming painter and poet, one of Four great southern talents of the Ming 江南四大才子
Wang Zhaojun (52-19 BC), famous beauty at the court of Han emperor Yuan 漢元帝|汉元帝, one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女
abbr. for 四個現代化|四个现代化, Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations
the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature, namely: A Dream of Red Mansions 紅樓夢|红楼梦, Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, Water Margin 水滸傳|水浒传, Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记
the four great Chinese inventions: paper, printing, magnetic compass and gunpowder
partner (in four person game) / family of proposed marriage partner
New Fourth army of Republic of China, set up in 1937 and controlled by the communists
the Four Cardinal Principles enunciated by Deng Xiaoping 鄧小平|邓小平 in 1979: to uphold the socialist road, the dictatorship of the proletariat, the leadership of the CPC, and Maoism and Marxism-Leninism
the Doctrine of the Mean, one of the Four Books 四書|四书
Sejong the Great or Sejong Daewang (1397-1450), reigned 1418-1450 as fourth king of Joseon or Chosun dynasty, in whose reign the hangeul alphabet was invented
modernization of agriculture, one of Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations
fourth year D4 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1987 or 2047
History of the Ming Dynasty, twenty fourth of the 24 dynastic histories 二十四史, compiled under Zhang Tingyu 張廷玉|张廷玉 in 1739 during the Qing Dynasty, 332 scrolls
the four arts (zither, Go, calligraphy, painting) / the accomplishments of a well-educated person
mixed fraction / mixed number (i.e. with an integer part and a fraction part, e.g. four and three quarters) / see also: improper fraction 假分數|假分数 and proper fraction 真分數|真分数
"the four pests", i.e. rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows / see also 打麻雀運動|打麻雀运动
Four Treasures of the Study, namely 筆|笔, , 紙|纸 and 硯|砚 / the essentials of calligraphy and scholarship (idiom)
four divisions (of the twenty-eight constellations 二十八宿 of the sky into groups of seven mansions), namely: Azure Dragon 青龍|青龙, White Tiger 白虎, Vermilion Bird 朱雀, Black Tortoise 玄武
Five Emperors from legendary times / possibly tribal leaders before the historiographers got working on them / usually taken to be the Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝 and four of his sons Zhuan Xu 顓頊|颛顼, Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾, Tang Yao 唐堯|唐尧, Yu Shun 虞舜
four-substance decoction (si wu tang), tonic formula used in Chinese medicine
bloomers / plus fours / knickerbockers
fourth of the five night watch periods 01:00-03:00 (old)
Ouyang Xun (557-641), one of Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang 唐初四大家
war on all sides (idiom); fighting from all four quarters
Ma Zhiyuan (c. 1250-1321), Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan Dramatists 元曲四大家
the Four Cleanups Movement (1963-66) / abbr. for 四清運動|四清运动
twenty-fourth year D12 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 2007 or 2067
(TCM) the four methods of diagnosis, namely 望診|望诊 (observation), 聞診|闻诊 (auscultation and olfaction), 問診|问诊 (interrogation), 切診|切诊 (pulse feeling and palpation)
four-wheel drive
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *铢* | 铢* | *铢
twenty-fourth part of a tael (2 or 3 grams)
forty-fourth year D8 of the 60 year cycle, e.g. 1967 or 2027
Jiang Qing (1914-1991), Mao Zedong's fourth wife and leader of the Gang of Four
the four tones of Middle Chinese: level tone 平聲|平声, rising tone 上聲|上声, departing tone 去聲|去声 and entering tone 入聲|入声 / the four tones of Modern Standard Mandarin
Suzhou embroidery, one of the four major traditional styles of Chinese embroidery (the other three being 湘繡|湘绣, 粵繡|粤绣 and 蜀繡|蜀绣)
the four legendary beauties of ancient China, namely: Xishi 西施, Wang Zhaojun 王昭君, Diaochan 貂蟬|貂蝉 and Yang Yuhuan 楊玉環|杨玉环
Wang Bo (650-676), one of the Four Great Poets of the Early Tang 初唐四傑|初唐四杰
fourth period / quaternary (geological period covering the recent ice ages over the last 180,000 years)

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