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Mandarin pronunciation:  pin1yin1 | pīn​yīn​ | ㄅㄆㄇㄈ
Mandarin tone colors:  off | āáǎàa | āáǎàa
Mandarin syllables:  no spaces | space separated
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Cantonese pronunciation:  hide | Yale | Jyutping
Yale Cantonese:  a5 | áh
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Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Traditional
HSK
the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书 in Confucianism
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *四* | 四* | *四
four / 4
HSK 1
Beijing / capital of People's Republic of China / one of the four municipalities 直轄市|直辖市
the four elements: earth, water, fire, and wind (Buddhism) / the four freedoms: speaking out freely, airing views fully, holding great debates, and writing big-character posters, 大鳴大放|大鸣大放, 大辯論|大辩论, 大字報|大字报 (PRC)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *鼎* | 鼎* | *鼎
ancient cooking cauldron with two looped handles and three or four legs / pot (dialect) / to enter upon a period of (classical) / Kangxi radical 206 / one of the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *燕* | 燕* | *燕
Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning / north Hebei / the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436) / surname Yan
four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *乘* | 乘* | *乘
four horse military chariot (archaic) / four (archaic) / generic term for history books
division of China during earliest dynasties / fig. ancient China / Kyūshū, southernmost of Japan's four major islands
spring and autumn / four seasons / year / a person's age / annals (used in book titles)
fourth / four times / quartic
Azure Dragon, one of the four symbols of the Chinese constellations, also known as the Azure Dragon of the East 東方青龍|东方青龙 or 東方蒼龍|东方苍龙 / (slang) man without pubic hair
four-way / four-sided / in all directions / everywhere
Journey to the West, Ming dynasty novel by Wu Cheng'en 吳承恩|吴承恩, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / also called Pilgrimage to the West or Monkey
four sides
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *阮* | 阮* | *阮
ruan, a four-stringed Chinese lute
A Dream of Red Mansions (first completed edition 1791) by Cao Xueqin 曹雪芹, one of the four great novels
Water Margin or Outlaws of the Marsh by Shi Nai'an 施耐庵, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature
Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / a fictional account of the Three Kingdoms at the break-up of the Han around 200 AD, consistently portraying Liu Bei's Shu Han 劉備|刘备, 蜀漢|蜀汉 as virtuous heroes and Cao Cao's Wei 曹操, as tyrannical villains
Mt Emei in Sichuan, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Samantabhadra 普賢|普贤 / Emeishan city
the four limbs of the body
HSK 6
(TCM) interrogation, one of the four methods of diagnosis 四診|四诊
four-leaf clover
the four social bonds: propriety, justice, integrity and honor / see 禮義廉恥|礼义廉耻 / the four directions / the four limbs (Chinese medicine) / four-dimensional
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *卦* | 卦* | *卦
divinatory diagram / one of the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经 / one of the sixty-four divinatory hexagrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经
Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations practiced from the 1980s (possibly planned together with Zhou Enlai), namely: modernization of industry, agriculture, national defense and science and technology / abbr. to 四化
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *肆* | 肆* | *肆
four (banker's anti-fraud numeral) / unrestrained / wanton / (literary) shop
Diaochan (-192), one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, in fiction a famous beauty at the break-up of Han dynasty, given as concubine to usurping warlord Dong Zhuo 董卓 to ensure his overthrow by fighting hero Lü Bu 呂布|吕布
(slang) swearword / four-letter word
the top four
four types of human emotions, namely: happiness 歡喜|欢喜, anger 憤怒|愤怒, sorrow 悲哀 and joy 快樂|快乐
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践 of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
Four Comprehensives (political guidelines announced by President Xi Jinping, 2015)
the four heavenly kings (Sanskrit vajra) / the four guardians or warrior attendants of Buddha
Shikoku (one of the four main islands of Japan)
the Doctrine of the Mean, one of the Four Books 四書|四书
Mt Jiuhua in Anhui, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Kṣitigarbha 地藏
the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature, namely: A Dream of Red Mansions 紅樓夢|红楼梦, Romance of Three Kingdoms 三國演義|三国演义, Water Margin 水滸傳|水浒传, Journey to the West 西遊記|西游记
"the four pests", i.e. rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows / see also 打麻雀運動|打麻雀运动
the four great Chinese inventions: paper, printing, magnetic compass and gunpowder
Tang Bohu or Tang Yin 唐寅 (1470-1523), Ming painter and poet, one of Four great southern talents of the Ming 江南四大才子
the four book depositories, namely: classics 經|经, history , philosophy , belle-lettres
four rules of arithmetic / addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
to round up to the nearest integer / to discard four, but treat five as whole (of decimal points)
the four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
(TCM) the four methods of diagnosis, namely 望診|望诊 (observation), 聞診|闻诊 (auscultation and olfaction), 問診|问诊 (interrogation), 切診|切诊 (pulse feeling and palpation)
four corner code (input method for Chinese characters)
four-by-four (vehicle) / 4x4
Four Treasures of the Study, namely 筆|笔, , 紙|纸 and 硯|砚 / the essentials of calligraphy and scholarship (idiom)
the Four Cardinal Principles enunciated by Deng Xiaoping 鄧小平|邓小平 in 1979: to uphold the socialist road, the dictatorship of the proletariat, the leadership of the CPC, and Maoism and Marxism-Leninism
bloomers / plus fours / knickerbockers
Four Asian Tigers / East Asian Tigers / Four Little Dragons (East Asian economic powers: Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong)
the four arts (zither, Go, calligraphy, painting) / the accomplishments of a well-educated person
Wang Zhaojun (52-19 BC), famous beauty at the court of Han emperor Yuan 漢元帝|汉元帝, one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女
Four Books, namely: the Great Learning 大學|大学, the Doctrine of the Mean 中庸, the Analects of Confucius 論語|论语, and Mencius 孟子
Ouyang Xun (557-641), one of Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang 唐初四大家
modernization of agriculture, one of Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations
the Twenty-Four Histories (25 or 26 in modern editions), collection of books on Chinese dynastic history from 3000 BC till 17th century / fig. a long and complicated story
abbr. for 四個現代化|四个现代化, Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations
four-wheel drive
Cao Buxing or Ts'ao Pu-hsing (active c. 210-250), famous semilegendary painter, one of the Four Great Painters of the Six Dynasties 六朝四大家
the four tones of Middle Chinese: level tone 平聲|平声, rising tone 上聲|上声, departing tone 去聲|去声 and entering tone 入聲|入声 / the four tones of Modern Standard Mandarin
four divisions (of the twenty-eight constellations 二十八宿 of the sky into groups of seven mansions), namely: Azure Dragon 青龍|青龙, White Tiger 白虎, Vermilion Bird 朱雀, Black Tortoise 玄武
(TCM) observation, one of the four methods of diagnosis 四診|四诊
Four great beards of Beijing opera, namely: Ma Lianliang 馬連良|马连良, Tan Fuying 譚富英|谭富英, Yang Baosen 楊寶森|杨宝森, Xi Xiaobo 奚嘯伯|奚啸伯
Socialist Education Movement (1963-66), formal name of the Four Cleanups Movement 四清運動|四清运动
the Four Cleanups Movement (1963-66) / abbr. for 四清運動|四清运动
Four Generations Under One Roof, novel by Lao She 老舍
four generations under one roof (idiom)
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *簋* | 簋* | *簋
ancient bronze food vessel with a round mouth and two or four handles / round basket of bamboo
partner (in four person game) / family of proposed marriage partner
Five Emperors from legendary times / possibly tribal leaders before the historiographers got working on them / usually taken to be the Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝 and four of his sons Zhuan Xu 顓頊|颛顼, Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾, Tang Yao 唐堯|唐尧, Yu Shun 虞舜
Zheng Guangzu, Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan dramatists 元曲四大家
Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning / north Hebei / the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436)
Gang of Four: Jiang Qing 江青, Zhang Chunqiao 張春橋, Yao Wenyuan 姚文元, Wang Hongwen 王洪文, who served as scapegoats for the excesses of the cultural revolution
four seasons like spring / favorable climate throughout the year
Jiang Qing (1914-1991), Mao Zedong's fourth wife and leader of the Gang of Four
Chu Suiliang (596-659), one of Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang 唐初四大家
Tang Bohu 唐伯虎 or Tang Yin (1470-1523), Ming painter and poet, one of Four great southern talents of the Ming 江南四大才子
to regard the four corners of the world all as home (idiom) / to feel at home anywhere / to roam about unconstrained / to consider the entire country, or world, to be one's own
(four-footed) animal / beast
in groups of three or four (idiom)
four-substance decoction (si wu tang), tonic formula used in Chinese medicine
war on all sides (idiom); fighting from all four quarters
Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang / refers to Yu Shi'nan 虞世南, Ouyang Xun 陽歐詢|欧阳询, Chu Suiliang 褚遂良 and Xue Ji 薛稷
Four great compilations of Northern Song dynasty, namely: Extensive records of the Taiping era (978) 太平廣記|太平广记, Imperial readings of the Taiping era 太平御覽|太平御览, Prime tortoise of the record bureau 冊府元龜|册府元龟, Finest blossoms in the garden of literature 文苑英華|文苑英华
Yang Jiong (650-693?), one of the Four Great Poets of the Early Tang 初唐四傑|初唐四杰
the four masters of Yuan poetry, namely 虞集, 範梈|范梈, 楊載|杨载 and 揭傒斯
Science and technology is the number one productive force (from 1978 speech by Deng Xiaoping 鄧小平|邓小平 introducing the Four Modernizations 四個現代化|四个现代化).
National Games, Chinese athletics competition, organized every four years since 1959
the four legendary beauties of ancient China, namely: Xishi 西施, Wang Zhaojun 王昭君, Diaochan 貂蟬|貂蝉 and Yang Yuhuan 楊玉環|杨玉环
lit. fire beacons in all four directions (idiom); the confusion of war
Guan Hanqing (c. 1235-c. 1300), Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan dramatists 元曲四大家
Ma Zhiyuan (c. 1250-1321), Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan Dramatists 元曲四大家
Yang Baosen (1909-1958), Beijing opera star, one of the Four great beards 四大鬚生|四大须生
Yu Shi'nan (558-638), politician of Sui and early Tang periods, poet and calligrapher, one of Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang 唐初四大家
twenty four dynastic histories (or 25 or 26 in modern editions)
mixed fraction / mixed number (i.e. with an integer part and a fraction part, e.g. four and three quarters) / see also: improper fraction 假分數|假分数 and proper fraction 真分數|真分数
Tan Fuying (1906-1977), Beijing opera star, one of the Four great beards 四大鬚生|四大须生
Gu Kaizhi or Ku K'aichih (346-407), famous painter of Eastern Jin dynasty, one of the Four Great Painters of the Six Dynasties 六朝四大家

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