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English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Simplified
HSK
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *四* | 四* | *四
four / 4
HSK 1
the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四書|四书 in Confucianism
four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *鼎* | 鼎* | *鼎
ancient cooking cauldron with two looped handles and three or four legs / pot (dialect) / to enter upon a period of (classical) / Kangxi radical 206 / one of the 64 hexagrams of the Book of Changes
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *乘* | 乘* | *乘
four horse military chariot (archaic) / four (archaic) / generic term for history books
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *燕* | 燕* | *燕
Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning / north Hebei / the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436) / surname Yan
division of China during earliest dynasties / fig. ancient China / Kyūshū, southernmost of Japan's four major islands
the four elements: earth, water, fire, and wind (Buddhism) / the four freedoms: speaking out freely, airing views fully, holding great debates, and writing big-character posters, 大鳴大放|大鸣大放, 大辯論|大辩论, 大字報|大字报 (PRC)
four-way / four-sided / in all directions / everywhere
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *阮* | 阮* | *阮
ruan, a four-stringed Chinese lute
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *肆* | 肆* | *肆
four (banker's anti-fraud numeral) / unrestrained / wanton / (literary) shop
spring and autumn / four seasons / year / a person's age / annals (used in book titles)
the four corners (of a rectangle) / the eaves that the four corners of a building
Shikoku (one of the four main islands of Japan)
the four social bonds: propriety, justice, integrity and honor / see 禮義廉恥|礼义廉耻 / the four directions / the four limbs (Chinese medicine) / four-dimensional
the four limbs of the body
HSK 6
the top four
fourth / four times / quartic
Journey to the West, Ming dynasty novel by Wu Cheng'en 吳承恩|吴承恩, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / also called Pilgrimage to the West or Monkey
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *卦* | 卦* | *卦
divinatory diagram / one of the eight divinatory trigrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经 / one of the sixty-four divinatory hexagrams of the Book of Changes 易經|易经
"the four pests", i.e. rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows / see also 打麻雀運動|打麻雀运动
the four great Chinese inventions: paper, printing, magnetic compass and gunpowder
four-substance decoction (si wu tang), tonic formula used in Chinese medicine
Xishi (c. 450 BC), famous Chinese beauty, foremost of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, given by King Gou Jian 勾踐|勾践 of Yue as concubine to King of Wu as part of a successful plan to destroy Wu
Azure Dragon, one of the four symbols of the Chinese constellations, also known as the Azure Dragon of the East 東方青龍|东方青龙 or 東方蒼龍|东方苍龙 / (slang) man without pubic hair
A Dream of Red Mansions (first completed edition 1791) by Cao Xueqin 曹雪芹, one of the four great novels
four of a kind / quads (poker)
Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong 羅貫中|罗贯中, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature / a fictional account of the Three Kingdoms at the break-up of the Han around 200 AD, consistently portraying Liu Bei's Shu Han 劉備, 蜀漢|刘备, 蜀汉 as virtuous heroes and Cao Cao's Wei 曹操, as tyrannical villains
the four legendary beauties of ancient China, namely: Xishi 西施, Wang Zhaojun 王昭君, Diaochan 貂蟬|貂蝉 and Yang Yuhuan 楊玉環|杨玉环
four sides
four-leaf clover
Water Margin or Outlaws of the Marsh by Shi Nai'an 施耐庵, one of the Four Classic Novels of Chinese literature
National Games, Chinese athletics competition, organized every four years since 1959
the four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
Diaochan (-192), one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女, in fiction a famous beauty at the break-up of Han dynasty, given as concubine to usurping warlord Dong Zhuo 董卓 to ensure his overthrow by fighting hero Lü Bu 呂布|吕布
the four seasons / spring, summer, autumn and winter
four-wheel drive
four-by-four (vehicle) / 4x4
four types of human emotions, namely: happiness 歡喜|欢喜, anger 憤怒|愤怒, sorrow 悲哀 and joy 快樂|快乐
four rules of arithmetic / addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
Mt Potala at Zhoushan 舟山市 in Zhejiang, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Guanyin 觀音|观音 (Avalokiteśvara)
the Doctrine of the Mean, one of the Four Books 四書|四书
(slang) swearword / four-letter word
abbr. for 四個現代化|四个现代化, Deng Xiaoping's four modernizations
Four Comprehensives (political guidelines announced by President Xi Jinping, 2015)
Tang Bohu or Tang Yin 唐寅 (1470-1523), Ming painter and poet, one of Four great southern talents of the Ming 江南四大才子
to round up to the nearest integer / to discard four, but treat five as whole (of decimal points)
modernization of agriculture, one of Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations
Wu Yi (1938-), one of four vice-premiers of the PRC State Council
(TCM) interrogation, one of the four methods of diagnosis 四診|四诊
partner (in four person game) / family of proposed marriage partner
the four tones of Middle Chinese: level tone 平聲|平声, rising tone 上聲|上声, departing tone 去聲|去声 and entering tone 入聲|入声 / the four tones of Modern Standard Mandarin
Mt Jiuhua in Anhui, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and Bodhimanda of Kṣitigarbha 地藏
Jiang Qing (1914-1991), Mao Zedong's fourth wife and leader of the Gang of Four
Gang of Four: Jiang Qing 江青, Zhang Chunqiao 張春橋, Yao Wenyuan 姚文元, Wang Hongwen 王洪文, who served as scapegoats for the excesses of the cultural revolution
"the four classes" of ancient China, i.e. scholars, farmers, artisans, and merchants
bloomers / plus fours / knickerbockers
Five Emperors from legendary times / possibly tribal leaders before the historiographers got working on them / usually taken to be the Yellow Emperor 黃帝|黄帝 and four of his sons Zhuan Xu 顓頊|颛顼, Di Ku 帝嚳|帝喾, Tang Yao 唐堯|唐尧, Yu Shun 虞舜
Wang Zhaojun (52-19 BC), famous beauty at the court of Han emperor Yuan 漢元帝|汉元帝, one of the four legendary beauties 四大美女
four corner code (input method for Chinese characters)
the four book depositories, namely: classics 經|经, history , philosophy , belle-lettres
four divinities / four divine emperors / four mythical creatures symbolic of prosperity and longevity, namely the phoenix 鳳|凤, turtle 龜|龟, dragon 龍|龙 and Chinese unicorn 麒麟 / also 四象, the four division of the sky
sense of propriety, justice, integrity and honor (i.e. the four social bonds, 四維|四维)
Four Asian Tigers / East Asian Tigers / Four Little Dragons (East Asian economic powers: Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Hong Kong)
Virupaksa (on of the Four Heavenly Kings)
Four Treasures of the Study, namely 筆|笔, , 紙|纸 and 硯|砚 / the essentials of calligraphy and scholarship (idiom)
four famous Song calligraphers, namely: Su Shi 蘇軾|苏轼, Huang Tingjian 黃庭堅|黄庭坚, Mi Fu 米芾 and Cai Xiang 蔡襄
Four Books, namely: the Great Learning 大學|大学, the Doctrine of the Mean 中庸, the Analects of Confucius 論語|论语, and Mencius 孟子
four divisions (of the twenty-eight constellations 二十八宿 of the sky into groups of seven mansions), namely: Azure Dragon 青龍|青龙, White Tiger 白虎, Vermilion Bird 朱雀, Black Tortoise 玄武
four Confucian injunctions 孝悌忠信 (for men), namely: piety to one's parents, respect to one's older brother, loyalty to one's monarch, faith to one's male friends / the four Confucian virtues for women of morality , physical charm , propriety in speech and efficiency in needlework
four legs facing the sky (idiom); flat on one's back
in groups of three or four (idiom)
Beijing / capital of People's Republic of China / one of the four municipalities 直轄市|直辖市
the four arts (zither, Go, calligraphy, painting) / the accomplishments of a well-educated person
Yan, a vassal state of Zhou in modern Hebei and Liaoning / north Hebei / the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms, namely: Former Yan 前燕 (337-370), Later Yan 後燕|后燕 (384-409), Southern Yan 南燕 (398-410), Northern Yan 北燕 (409-436)
the Twenty-four Filial Exemplars, classic Confucian text on filial piety from Yuan dynasty
the Four Noble Truths (Buddhism) / see also 四諦|四谛 and 苦集滅道|苦集灭道
(four-footed) animal / beast
the Four Cardinal Principles enunciated by Deng Xiaoping 鄧小平|邓小平 in 1979: to uphold the socialist road, the dictatorship of the proletariat, the leadership of the CPC, and Maoism and Marxism-Leninism
entering tone / checked tone / one of the four tones of Middle Chinese
lit. the four elements are vanity (idiom) / this world is an illusion
Ouyang Xun (557-641), one of Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang 唐初四大家
Wang Bo (650-676), one of the Four Great Poets of the Early Tang 初唐四傑|初唐四杰
lit. with only four bare walls for a home (idiom) / fig. very poor / wretched
one's four limbs / two arms and two legs
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *簋* | 簋* | *簋
ancient bronze food vessel with a round mouth and two or four handles / round basket of bamboo
Confucian moral injunctions for women, namely: obey in turn three men father, husband and son, plus the four virtues of morality , physical charm , propriety in speech and efficiency in needlework
Mt Wutai in Shanxi 山西, one of the Four Sacred Mountains and home of the Bodhimanda of Manjushri 文殊
Guan Hanqing (c. 1235-c. 1300), Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan dramatists 元曲四大家
to regard the four corners of the world all as home (idiom) / to feel at home anywhere / to roam about unconstrained / to consider the entire country, or world, to be one's own
lit. , , and (four grammatical particles of Classical Chinese) (idiom); fig. archaic expressions
the Four Cleanups Movement (1963-66) / abbr. for 四清運動|四清运动
tetrose (CH2O)4, monosaccharide with four carbon atoms
Zhang Chunqiao (1917-2005), one of the Gang of Four
(TCM) the four methods of diagnosis, namely 望診|望诊 (observation), 聞診|闻诊 (auscultation and olfaction), 問診|问诊 (interrogation), 切診|切诊 (pulse feeling and palpation)
modernization of national defense, one of Deng Xiaoping's Four Modernizations
wine, sex, avarice and temper (idiom); four cardinal vices
poetic form consisting of four lines of five syllables, with rhymes on first, second and fourth line
Ma Zhiyuan (c. 1250-1321), Yuan dynasty dramatist in the 雜劇|杂剧 tradition of musical comedy, one of the Four Great Yuan Dramatists 元曲四大家
Luo Binwang (640-684), one of Four Great Poets of the Early Tang 初唐四傑|初唐四杰

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