Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT


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Traditional
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Simplified
HSK
exhausting / hard / tough / arduous / to work hard / to go to a lot of trouble / hardship(s)
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *苦* | 苦* | *苦
bitter / hardship / pain / to suffer / to bring suffering to / painstakingly
HSK 4
pain / suffering / painful / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
difficult / hard / arduous
HSK 5
hardworking / assiduous
HSK 5
bitter and astringent / pained / agonized
HSK 6
bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good times just beginning
HSK 6
good times and hardships / joys and tribulations / for better or for worse
vexed / distressed
strenuously / persistently / hard / painful
to suffer hardship
wretched situation / plight / wretched / miserable
to train hard / to practice diligently / hard work / blood, sweat, and tears
to bear hardships
victim's family (esp. in murder case)
bitter struggle / hard battle / arduous effort
sufferings
why bother? / is it worth the trouble?
to suffer untold hardships (idiom); trials and tribulations / with difficulty / after some effort
to suffer from (a disadvantage)
to grumble / to complain / grievance
painstakingly / with great trouble
to look anxious (idiom) / to look miserable
to suffer unspeakable misery / indescribably painful / hellish
sour, sweet, bitter and spicy hot / fig. the joys and sorrows of life
impoverished / destitute
to have difficulty getting by / to struggle (financially etc)
poverty-stricken / poor
to whine about hardships / to complain of one's bitter lot / to complain / to grumble
secret trouble / sorrow / difficulties
to toil / hard work
bitter work / hard toil / (loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial times
earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
deprivation / distressed / miserable
hard lot / bitter fate / unfortunate
suffering
to speak sarcastically / to make cutting remarks / also pr. [wa1 ku5]
to ponder earnestly / to give a lot of thought to sth
to be born under an ill star
lit. bitter fruit / fig. painful consequence
to whine on for days (idiom) / to endlessly grumble complaints / incessant whining
to think hard / bitter thoughts / to pour out one's sufferings
lit. sea of bitterness / abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term) / depths of misery
to take a lot of trouble (idiom); painstaking / at the cost of a lot of effort
hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
having unspeakable bitter suffering / (often used after 啞巴吃黃連|哑巴吃黄连)
to ask for trouble (idiom) / to make a rod for one's own back
to find joy in sorrows (idiom); to enjoy sth in spite of one's suffering
anxiety / distress
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
pain and difficulties / suffering (of the people)
bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cucumber)
bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates) / suffering / digestive fluids rising from stomach to the mouth / fig. bitter complaint
to endure (years of suffering)
to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work / to make an all-out effort / up to the neck in work
to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
forlorn / miserable
destitute but honest / poor and simple / spartan / austere
shared delights and common hardships (idiom); to share life's joys and sorrows / for better or for worse
to complain without stopping (idiom); to bitch endlessly / incessant grievances
hard work / laborious effort / painstaking work
hard labor (in penal code) / coolie
to suffer / to suffer for one's actions / to pay dearly / to burn one's fingers
toil / hard work
bitter sweet
underlying cause of poverty
to escape from the abyss of suffering / to shed off a wretched plight
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
bitter cold
to suffer every possible torment (idiom); bitter hardship / to bear one's cross
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
solitary and impoverished (idiom)
depressed / dejected / feeling low
to force a smile / a bitter laugh
to work hard
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
pain / suffering
bitter taste / bitterness
to struggle arduously
affliction
sour expression on one's face
great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
to make nothing of hardships
pains (of illness) / sufferings (esp. in Buddhism)
ascetic practice
lit. bitter taste (cf good medicine tastes bitter 良藥苦口|良药苦口) / fig. earnestly (of warning, advice)
painstaking effort / to take a lot of trouble / laborious at pains
liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
good medicine tastes bitter (idiom); fig. frank criticism is hard to swallow
wretched state / miserable plight
to study hard / assiduous
hardworking / assiduous
suffering / distress
forced labor / corvée / penal servitude
to spare no effort
to study diligently / to train assiduously
Heaven will not disappoint the person who tries (idiom). If you try hard, you're bound to succeed eventually.
see 苦差
to abandon suffering and obtain happiness (Buddhism)
the Four Noble Truths (Budd.), namely: all life is suffering , the cause of suffering is desire , emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅|灭, the way to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道 / also called 四諦|四谛
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
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