Dictionary content from CC-CEDICT Simple English to Chinese dictionary


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Traditional
Pīnyīn
English Definition Add a new word to the dictionary Simplified
HSK
exhausting / hard / tough / arduous / to work hard / to go to a lot of trouble / hardship(s)
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *苦* | 苦* | *苦
bitter / hardship / pain / to suffer / to bring suffering to / painstakingly
HSK 4
pain / suffering / painful / CL: 個|个
HSK 5
good times and hardships / joys and tribulations / for better or for worse
difficult / hard / arduous
HSK 5
bitter taste / bitterness
suffering
bitter and astringent / pained / agonized
HSK 6
vexed / distressed
bitter melon (bitter gourd, balsam pear, balsam apple, leprosy gourd, bitter cucumber)
to suffer hardship
ascetic practice
bitterness finishes, sweetness begins (idiom); the hard times are over, the good times just beginning
HSK 6
strenuously / persistently / hard / painful
to take a lot of trouble (idiom); painstaking / at the cost of a lot of effort
sufferings
lit. sea of bitterness / abyss of worldly suffering (Buddhist term) / depths of misery
wretched situation / plight / wretched / miserable
secret trouble / sorrow / difficulties
toil / hard work
to train hard / to practice diligently / hard work / blood, sweat, and tears
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
sour, sweet, bitter and spicy hot / fig. the joys and sorrows of life
pain / suffering
deprivation / distressed / miserable
to bear hardships
bitter work / hard toil / (loanword) coolie, unskilled Chinese laborer in colonial times
to force a smile / a bitter laugh
bitter struggle / hard battle / arduous effort
bitter cold
painstaking effort / to take a lot of trouble / laborious at pains
victim's family (esp. in murder case)
lit. bitter fruit / fig. painful consequence
to grumble / to complain / grievance
to work hard
to sour / to turn sour / to curdle
impoverished / destitute
why bother? / is it worth the trouble?
hard lot / bitter fate / unfortunate
to bury oneself in work (idiom); to be engrossed in work / to make an all-out effort / up to the neck in work
to suffer untold hardships (idiom); trials and tribulations / with difficulty / after some effort
poverty-stricken / poor
to ask for trouble (idiom) / to make a rod for one's own back
great bitterness, deep hatred (idiom); deeply ingrained long-standing resentment
bitter work / sweated labor
hardworking / assiduous
HSK 5
to look anxious (idiom) / to look miserable
painstakingly / with great trouble
affliction
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
earnest and well-meaning advice (idiom); to persuade patiently
to be born under an ill star
to ponder earnestly / to give a lot of thought to sth
depressed / dejected / feeling low
to toil / hard work
liquorice (Sophora flavescens), with roots used in TCM
hardworking and enduring hardships (idiom)
to share joys and sorrows / sharing good times and hard times / same as 同甘共苦
to whine about hardships / to complain of one's bitter lot / to complain / to grumble
to think hard / bitter thoughts / to pour out one's sufferings
bitter water (e.g. mineral water containing sulfates) / suffering / digestive fluids rising from stomach to the mouth / fig. bitter complaint
sour expression on one's face
shared delights and common hardships (idiom); to share life's joys and sorrows / for better or for worse
to speak sarcastically / to make cutting remarks
pain and difficulties / suffering (of the people)
to abandon suffering and obtain happiness (Buddhism)
to endure (years of suffering)
hard labor (in penal code) / coolie
lit. bitter taste (cf good medicine tastes bitter 良藥苦口|良药苦口) / fig. earnestly (of warning, advice)
anxiety / distress
chinaberry (Melia azedarach)
forlorn / miserable
Heaven will not disappoint the person who tries (idiom). If you try hard, you're bound to succeed eventually.
to whine on for days (idiom) / to endlessly grumble complaints / incessant whining
to have difficulty getting by / to struggle (financially etc)
to find joy in sorrows (idiom); to enjoy sth in spite of one's suffering
the Four Noble Truths (Budd.), namely: all life is suffering , the cause of suffering is desire , emancipation comes only by eliminating passions 滅|灭, the way to emancipation is the Eight-fold Noble Way 八正道 / also called 四諦|四谛
hard work / laborious effort / painstaking work
the eight distresses - birth, age, sickness, death, parting with what we love, meeting with what we hate, unattained aims, and all the ills of the five skandhas (Buddhism)
having unspeakable bitter suffering / (often used after 啞巴吃黃連|哑巴吃黄连)
to build up an enterprise through painstaking efforts
to suffer every possible torment (idiom); bitter hardship / to bear one's cross
destitute but honest / poor and simple / spartan / austere
wretched state / miserable plight
diligent / assiduous
to escape from the abyss of suffering / to shed off a wretched plight
hardworking / assiduous
to spare no effort
to complain without stopping (idiom); to bitch endlessly / incessant grievances
to struggle arduously
to suffer / to suffer for one's actions / to pay dearly / to burn one's fingers
to make nothing of hardships
suffering / distress
solitary and impoverished (idiom)
to consider from all angles (idiom); to think hard / to rack one's brains
underlying cause of poverty
(Buddhism) the pain of parting with what (or whom) one loves, one of the eight distresses 八苦
pains (of illness) / sufferings (esp. in Buddhism)
bitter sweet
forced labor / corvée / penal servitude

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Tip: The character dictionary gives detailed information about separate Chinese characters; the word dictionary contains words consisting of 1 or more Chinese characters.
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