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Pīnyīn
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HSK
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *糖* | 糖* | *糖
sugar / sweets / candy / CL: 顆|颗, 塊|块
HSK 4
charactercopypronouncebaikeskritterexampleCorrect
  *糖* | 糖* | *糖
old variant of
HSK 4
candy / CL:
crystal sugar / rock candy
blood sugar
(refined) white sugar
polysaccharide (complex carbohydrate such as starch 澱粉|淀粉 and cellulose 纖維素|纤维素)
lollipop / sucker / CL:
soft candy (gummi candy, gumdrop, jellybean etc)
sweet and sour
caramel
bubble gum
dark brown sugar / molasses
honey
glucocorticosteroid (corticosteroid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex)
syrup / sweetened water / tong sui (sweet soup)
sugar (chemistry)
syrup
sugar-coated Chinese hawthorn or other fruit on a stick / tanghulu
sugar cube
xylitol
ribose
unrefined sugar / brown sugar
saccharin
Pop Rocks / popping candy
sweet given on a happy occasion (esp. wedding)
frosting or icing (on cakes etc) / sugarcoating
hard candy
sweet and sour pork
granulated sugar
monosaccharide
cane sugar / sucrose
ribosome
sugar free
glucoside
sweet and sour fish
lactose
sugar substitute
hyperglycemia / abnormally high blood sugar level
fondant (loanword)
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
tanghulu / candied fruits on bamboo skewers dipped in sugar syrup, a common Chinese snack
maltose (sweet syrup)
deoxyribose
fructose
xylan
glycoprotein
xylose (type of sugar)
diabetes sufferer
white granulated sugar
ketose, monosaccharide containing ketone group
maple syrup
DNA
malt sugar / maltose
malt sugar candy, a traditional offering to the kitchen god Zaoshen 灶神
glycolysis (anaerobic metabolism of glucose)
glucosamine (C6H13NO5)
sugar alcohol
sugar powder
glycogen
galactose (CH2O)6 / brain sugar
aldose, monosaccharide containing aldehyde group -COH
inverted sugar
lyxose (type of sugar)
pentose (CH2O)5, monosaccharide with five carbon atoms, such as ribose 核糖
glycolipid
cough suppressant syrup / cough mixture
tetrose (CH2O)4, monosaccharide with four carbon atoms
molasses / syrup
hexose (CH2O)6, monosaccharide with six carbon atoms, such as glucose 葡萄糖
hexose (CH2O)6, monosaccharide with six carbon atoms, such as glucose 葡萄糖
triose (CH2O)3, monosaccharide with three carbon atoms, such as glyceraldehyde 甘油醛
sugar-coated bullets, term used by Mao (originally in 1949) to refer to corrupting bourgeois influences
arabinose (type of sugar)
sweet snack made from glutinous rice, sugar and honey, common in Changsha 長沙|长沙, Hunan
disaccharide
diabetes / diabetes mellitus
oligosaccharide
syrup
sweet and sour pork
pentose (CH2O)5, monosaccharide with five carbon atoms, such as ribose 核糖
disaccharide
glucose C6H12O6 / abbr. for 葡萄糖
mannitol C6H14O6, a sugar alcohol
triose (CH2O)3, monosaccharide with three carbon atoms, such as glyceraldehyde 甘油醛
lit. the child who cries gets the candy (idiom) / fig. the squeaky wheel gets the grease
mint (confectionery)
glycolipid
maltitol, a sugar alcohol
corn syrup
ribulose (type of sugar)
one man's meat is another man's poison (idiom)
glucosamine / abbr. for 葡萄糖胺
chewing gum
tetrose (CH2O)4, monosaccharide with four carbon atoms
deoxyribonucleic acid / DNA
messenger RNA, mRNA
sugar-coated bullets, term used by Mao (originally in 1949) to refer to corrupting bourgeois influences (abbr. for 糖衣炮彈|糖衣炮弹)
glycogen
heptose (CH2O)7, monosaccharide with seven carbon atoms

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